Monthly Archives: September 2017

Machine Learning: How it affects the Medical Field

Image result for machine learning and healthcare

Machine learning is all about data recollection and data processing. Many industries will be affected by this branch of artificial intelligence, the medical field being no exemption. Its capability of analyzing huge amounts of data will eventually replace a great number of human jobs, even those that require a higher education. However, as explained by Medtronic CEO Omar Ishrak, the real value of artificial intelligence is in making more efficient use of human resources in healthcare.  For example, IBM’s Watson can read 40 million documents in 15 seconds, optimizing time and performance. Healthcare has loads of data: Test results, consultation notes, scans, appointment follow ups, etc., creating an ideal environment for the use of Machine Learning (More data, better results).

Other application of ML in the medical field is the ability to personalize treatment and help in decision making. Insightin Health has recently launched an AI powered app where patients are empowered to make their own healthcare decisions. The In360 app incorporates user behavioral trends as well as real time data collection. Also, Machine learning is being used as an imaging and predictive analytics tool. Through the combination of Azure Computer Vision and machine learning, InterKnowlogy was able to come up with a solution for the early detection of Posterior Urethral Valve Disorder (PUV).

Machine Learning and Healthcare


Climate Change and the US Military

The United States Armed Services are a vital and integral part of our nation. The United States defence budget alone is $846.6 billion, the second largest expenditure in our federal government’s expenditures right after social security, which boasts a whopping $1 trillion. US military spending is greater than the next nine countries combined. Clearly the US values it’s military, as they are thought to be not only our fighting force, but relief effort. The United States military takes pride in assisting those that need aid like from disasters. With climate change acting the way it is currently, the world is seeing an increasing demand for support as several places are being ravaged by hurricanes and earthquakes. In such a short time span, hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Jose, and Maria have all come to wreak havoc on Texas, Florida, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. While there are people that doubt climate change’s existence, our President included, the Pentagon and the Department of Defence, see the looming perils of climate change. Secretary of Defence Jim Mattis even noted that climate change is a “driver of instability” with the weather patterns destabilising regions and feeding into conflict. While the US military strives to assist the devastated states and islands to recover from the disasters, some military bases are already experiencing the negative effects of climate change. Naval bases by the waterfronts are experiencing hundreds of floods a year due to rising sea levels, and, according to calculations, these bases could be entirely submerged by the year 2100.

The military has already taken steps towards fighting climate change as they have been raising their naval bases, employing early storm warning systems, and utilising solar energy and other green, more efficient energies other than fossil fuels. Much of the country’s emissions come from the military and the production, and as a result, they seek to reduce that amount and help the planet. Climate change is happening all around us and needs to be handled. With just a mere three foot increase in sea level, would potentially threaten over 128 military installations, costing us over $100 billion.

While much of our efforts have been helping Texas and Florida recover from the hurricanes, Puerto Rico has not been so lucky. With Hurricane Maria striking a week ago, Puerto Rico still faces no power, no food, and is devastated. With FEMA’s response to Puerto Rico, the US military is now preparing to send over ships and aircraft in efforts to evacuate and help relieve the situation. Several C-17 and C-130 and C-5 aircraft from different bases are flying over to bring aid as well as Navy hospital ships are being sent over to aid. The US military knows how to aid those in need, particularly from disaster and recognises the global issue of climate change that could severely affect us and the next generation unless we do something about it.


Rising Sea Levels Will Soon Flood Our Coastal Cities

Our coastal cities and islands are under threat from the rising sea levels caused by climate change. By 2050, it is predicted that New York City will be flooded by six feet of water and some pacific islands, like Nuatambu, were swallowed by the rising sea level. There is no clear way to prevent the impacts a raised sea level will have on these cities or how to prepare for the consequences to come. However, there are some solutions scientists are trying to implement to mitigate the effects of rising sea levels. One of the methods they are hoping will help is the living shoreline. A living shoreline is a shore-protecting technique that utilizes mostly natural materials. There are different types of living shorelines to accommodate different types of coasts and an important quality of the living shoreline is that they are not too disruptive of the existing ecosystem.

The different types of living shorelines can be seen here:

However, issues do arise with this solution. Many large cities will not be able to build these types of shorelines into their existing infrastructure. For example, New York City could build a bulkhead around lower Manhattan, but they run the risk that the waves will either erode the wall and cause it to crumble or the sea level will rise over the wall, rendering it useless. Similarly, Florida already has marshes covering a majority of their northern coasts, but they are still at risk from flooding. Another issue that arises is islands would not benefit from a living shoreline. They simply do not have enough land to implement the living shoreline so another solution would have to be used. Living shorelines are not a long-term solution, but they will be able to protect our coastal cities until we are able to either halt or at least slow down the rise in sea level.

Another way cities and scientists are trying to protect coasts from rising sea level is by building canals throughout the city. This way, water would move throughout the city rather than being pushed up against a solid wall like a bulkhead. In Boston after Hurricane Sandy, a proposal was brought to the city to build canals throughout the city. The canals would move the water into low-lying back alleys and drain them throughout the city instead of letting it impact one place- more like a controlled flood. However, that kind of project comes with many questions like how they would build such a project, how deep the canals would need to be, and how effective this would all be if the canals proved to be too shallow in fifty or so years. A lot of the “solutions” people are coming up with are only going to temporarily fix the issue. While this is not effective for the long-term, it gives scientists more time to try to test out new ideas that could be more lasting.

The final and longstanding solution is artificial islands.

Artificial islands are man-made islands built to withstand waves, currents, high winds and can be built relatively easily. They are the best solution to rising sea levels because they are not affected by rising sea levels after they are finished. It solves the issue of where to put people displaced by hurricanes and flooding. They would include solar panels and wind farms to power them and make them completely self-sustainable. Some risks and issues that come with artificial islands are the risks of hurricanes, whether they can only be built in warmer climates and how they would manage waste. Nevertheless, these floating islands seem to be the best bet in the face of rising sea level.

The rise in sea levels is the effect of three primary causes: thermal expansion, melting of glaciers and polar ice caps, and ice loss from Greenland and West Antarctica. Thermal expansion is direct result of global warming and the only way to combat it would be to lower the emissions we currently put out. The melting of glaciers and polar ice caps are also a direct result of global warming, but there is no way to reverse the effect. We will need to adjust our lives to the rising sea level and lower the temperature of the water to cut risk. The final cause is ice loss from Greenland and Antarctica which means the water from those two poles is streaming into the ocean at a faster rate than normal. Coupled with thermal expansion and the extra water from the glaciers means the sea level has risen substantially in the last decade. Additionally, we really need to think about what we are going to do about the rising sea levels and what would happen if we did not change a thing. Another issue is the many islands that do not have the means of mitigating the effects rising sea level brings.

Are We Prepared for a World Without Oil?

According to the Energy Information Administration, the United States alone consumes about 19.63 million barrels of oil each day. Most of the oil we consume is used to make products such as gasoline, diesel, heating oil for homes, and jet fuel. Our rate of oil consumption continues to rise as if oil is a renewable resource, however, there is only a finite amount of oil left on this earth. A very conservative estimate by BP estimates that the earth only has about 53 years of oil left. One day, the worlds’ oil reserves will be depleted and many industries and economies in the United States and around the world are simply too dependent on oil.

The largest and most obvious industry that is not yet ready to move away from oil is the automobile industry. Although electric cars have become more popular and more reliable in recent years, the automobile market will continue to be dominated by gasoline powered vehicles. Last year, 82% of cars sold were gasoline powered; the Energy Department predicts by 2040, that number will only decrease to 78%. One solution to this problem is electric cars, however they have short driving ranges and they have yet to prove their long term reliability. Another solution is to convert from internal combustion engines to compressed natural gas engines. The main barrier standing in the way of making natural gas engines more popular among consumers is the lack of infrastructure necessary for natural gas powered automobiles. The biggest challenge of owning a natural gas car is finding a place to fill it up. We are  caught in a paradox: automobile manufactures will not produce more natural gas cars until there are more compatible gas stations, on the other hand, natural gas companies will not invest in gas stations until there are more natural gas cars on the road. Although running out of oil is not an imminent threat to the automobile industry, it is easier to make a gradual conversion over time, rather than scrambling to make rapid change at the last minute.

Another issue concerning the world’s diminishing oil supply is how many economies are dependent on oil. Dubai is a perfect case study for an economy that is to dependent on oil. During its peak production in the 1990’s, oil production accounted for half of Dubai’s GDP. Today, Dubai’s oil production still makes up a large percentage of its GDP. Another issue for Dubai is that they consume more oil than they are able to produce, which forces them to import oil to make up that difference. This may not seem very eye-opening or shocking until you realize that Dubai’s oil reserves are projected to be depleted within twenty years. Dubai has very short amount of time lose their oil dependence before their entire economy is reduced to shambles. Oil dependent economies are not exclusively existent oversees. Houston, Texas is another example of how an oil based economy can be very disruptive and risky. Houston’s economy is largely dependent on oil; when oil prices fell last year, the workers in the oil industry felt the brunt of it. About 50,000 people lost their jobs during the oil bust. However during the oil boom, about 100,000 workers were hired in the oil industry. In order for economies such as Houston’s and Dubai’s to stay afloat with diminishing oil reserves, it is important they diversify and move away from a total dependence on oil.

Like any other natural resource, oil is not going to last forever, so it is imperative that industries and economies that are dependent on oil make changes so they will not be hung out to dry once a real oil shortage strikes.

Climate update

Climate change, defined by NASA as the change in usual weather patterns in a certain area, is a very real and looming threat to life as we know it. The first step to resolving any issue, global or domestic, is raising the necessary awareness to make change possible. However, The New York Times reported that while a vast majority of American’s acknowledge that climate change is occurring evidenced by sixty-nine percent of the country agreeing with factory CO2 emission caps, few actually believe they will personally feel the effects of it. Surprisingly, southern states like Texas and Florida who have experienced the brunt of increasingly violent storm surges and rising sea levels in recent years, fall behind the national average of those who believe climate change will affect them. Throughout the course of the semester our team will be covering climate-related events and trends that will directly affect everyone on earth in one way or another. For more on climate change and its consequences, see the video below.

One of the developing stories that we will be following is the growing wildfires in western Greenland. Yes, the same Greenland that is mostly covered in ice is partly on fire. In some areas, the fire is estimated to cover over one thousand acres, making it the largest wildfire in Greenland history. Rising temperature levels in the area, combined with human contributions, clearly played a key role in creating ideal conditions for these fires to occur. To put the magnitude of Greenland’s human contribution into perspective, in 2014 the small island country emitted the third most fossil fuel levels in the world, third only to China and the United States. Effects from climate change seen in Greenland have proven immediate, as rising temperature levels have begun melting the permafrost along Greenland’s west coast. This, combined with a lack of rain, has allowed the soil and grasslands to become dried out by the sun. Professor Sander Veraverbeke, who specializes in weather at a university in Amsterdam, believes that a random lightning strike during a strong storm, which is also a likely product of rising temperatures, caused the massive wildfire to break out. The fires are expected to contribute even further to the local warming crisis as well. The smoke produced by the wildfire will trap heat from leaving the atmosphere, effectively continuing the permafrost melting situation. Additional greenhouse gases will also be admitted as a result of gasses being released from the melting permafrost. The global community needs to pay close attention to situations like Greenland’s, as weather anomalies will likely continue to occur across the planet if steps aren’t taken to curb greenhouse gas emissions. The video featured below describes the causes and effects of Greenland’s wildfire problem, and shows an aerial view of the fire’s smoke to show how large it is.

Implications and consequences stretch far beyond the scope of global weather conditions. Large businesses who emit fossil fuels to operate will likely be impacted as climate change talks continue to gain across-the-board legitimacy. National governments will likely also face pressure to spend heavily on revamped infrastructure that does not emit as much greenhouse gases, such as solar or wind turbine energy production. Stricter laws and tax incentives/penalties could also be put into place that would cause businesses to redesign how they operate their factories and refineries, effectively raising their breakeven point due to the associated costs. Over the next few months, our group will continue to analyze global events such as the wildfires in Greenland, in addition to the global implications such events have on business operations and various prospective laws. Climate change is beginning to greatly affect the fragile world we live on, and we as a global community need to take necessary measures to mitigate its substantial negative impact.

Preparing Our Cities for the Next Flood

There is minimal protection for coastal cities when it comes to combating tropical storms. Tropical storms can cause massive damage due to wind speed, impact from landfall, and remnants of floods. Whether one agrees climate change affects the frequency and power of hurricanes is irrelevant, these storms are occurring, and could hit a city such as New York City. The end of the 2017 hurricane season was devastating to Texas, Florida, and Puerto Rico, each experiencing record breaking storms. These storms left communities demolished. In the case of Puerto Rico, the entire island may not have power for months. Puerto Rico has the potential to have 3.4 million displaced persons. If New York were hit by a strong enough storm there is a potential of over 8 million displaced persons. Generally, cities have minimal protection from such incidences. “Soft” defenses would be too extensive on their own to protect a city. The “hard” defenses cities do have offer little protection. In addition, it is difficult to know if a “hard” defense will be useful during a storm until the actual storm arrives. While building defenses for coastal cities is important to protect the areas, it is paramount to have systems that can act during the storm rather than invest in defenses that may fail.

Infrastructure from the underground storm drains to sky scrapers must be adapted to combat the strongest storms in order to minimize damage. It is 2017 there are cities, such as New York City, that continue to rely on bayous, rivers, and land to drain water in the event of a flood. One of the main tools used to combat flooding is storm drains, but as apparent in Texas, these storm drains can easily overflow from a strong storm. The frequency of flooding will continue to increase as the sea level continues to rise. If an area with a dense population, such as New York City, were hit by a major storm, waiting for the water to recede would not be an option. With this said, major cities on the coastline could benefit from the flooding system used in Japan to protect Tokyo known as the G-Cans Project. The G-Cans Project is a series of underground tunnels that total 3.7 miles long, and vertical shafts that measure 580 feet long, 59 feet high, and 256 feet wide. This network is capable of channeling 12,500,000 L of water per minute. However, if a city’s major portion of underground real-estate is used by subway stations, such as New York City, the scale of the G-Cans Project may not be possible, but the system may still be useful especially when used in combination with other flood prevention plans. If the water from a storm cannot be stopped it can at least be rerouted before more damage can be caused.

The following gives a brief look inside the G-Cans Project’s tunnels and tanks:

Storms are more than heavy rain fall, they are also extremely powerful winds, and the taller the building the more exposure to stronger winds it has to endure. Winds can make buildings sway. While winds may not always cause huge junks buildings to go flying, the swaying motion may distort the structure. Generally, swaying is not good for buildings. However, instead of fighting against wind, a possible solution is to go with the wind as evident by the architecture of the Sky Tree in Japan. The Sky Tree, the second tallest structure in the world, allows the movement from earthquakes to push it around. The Sky Tree is composed of a core column and an outer flexible region, the two sections are connected by oil dampers. As one part of the tower sways one way, the other sways another way which allows it remain stable. Granted this architecture was designed for earthquakes, but the uses for the design can also be applied for high-speed wind situations. Instead of fighting the wind, buildings could sway with it. If buildings had the flexible design of the Sky Tree getting through heavy storms turns from combating the storm to literally flowing with it until it passes.

The following is an image of the structure of the Sky Tree:

There is insufficient time to create a method that would prevent all damage to cities from storms, as the affects of climate change are a current threat and precautions need to be taken. However, cities need to take prepare themselves now because the weather patterns as exemplified in Texas, Florida, and Puerto Rico will persist, if not get worse, for thousands of years. Even if carbon emissions were completely stopped, it would take thousands of years for the Earth to recover. Once cities take preliminary action for the coming weather problems, then they can begin to take preventive measures to prevent all damage.

Can We Keep Up With Machine-Learning in Transportation?

Machine learning has already begun to make its mark in the transportation industry. Autonomous vehicles are already popping up across the country. Many cars already feature some autonomous capabilities – like parking, steering, and cruise control. By implementing machine-learning algorithms into the transportation industry, it could ultimately save lives and time. Accidents are caused by human error, but take out the human aspect, and it limits error resulting in less accidents. The system could detect and track moving cars and determine normal traffic flow. It could also detect congestion, accidents or pedestrians on the road. Lots of elaborate technologies and extensive testing goes into machine learning for vehicles; the goal is to drive more efficiently by eliminating human error.

One company that has taken machine learning and embraced it is Tesla. They have a system called Enhanced Autopilot that allows the driver to sit in the driver’s seat and do absolutely nothing while the vehicle operates itself. The system has been released in a few different phases and continues to be updated. The car’s cameras and sensors allow it to see through heavy rain, fog, dust, and even a car in front of it. Eventually Enhanced Autopilot will allow the car to match the speed based on traffic conditions, change lanes without the driver’s input, merge on and off highways, and park itself. Tesla’s system also includes active cruise control, forward collision warning, and the ability to park perpendicularly on its own. Tesla’s ultimate goal is to have a car drive itself across the country from LA to New York. This only shows how capable the transportation industry is when it comes to embracing the inevitable machine learning era.

Another aspect of transportation that is being impacted by machine learning is GPS apps. One in particular is gaining traction – Waze. It collects data from other users and creates your route off traffic, accidents, construction, police officers, etc. Waze can suggest a time to leave in order to beat the rush hour traffic and can predict your next destination. Since Waze is owned by Google, the app is able to use past searches to suggest future destinations or stops along your route. There is another GPS app called INRIX Traffic that takes that idea even further. It uses machine learning to get a better understanding of the driver’s habits, interests, and plan each and every route accordingly. Once you create an account, the system begins to learn about locations you visit frequently. Additionally INRIX Traffic, constructs a log of where you visit and when you leave. This app is designed to learn everything about your traveling routines and gives you all the information needed to get you from point A to point B according to the user’s preference.

Though autonomous vehicles and tailored traveling apps may be more convenient and efficient, there are many issues that come with them. Until autonomous vehicles are perfected, there will be plenty of mistakes along the way. For example, one of Tesla’s cars in Autopilot mode was in a fatal car crash and the driver was killed. There were no defects in the system, however, it is not fully capable of avoiding every single possibility of an accident. It can stop the car from rear-ending the car in front of it with no problem, but the accident was a situation that was beyond the performance capabilities of the system. There is still much room for improvement when it comes to self-driving cars. Consequently, the infrastructures of many cities are not equipped to handle autonomous vehicles because the system requires clear and divided lines as well as a less congested road layout. There is also an ethical issue when tailored apps are in question. The app is required to know your location at all times in order to give you an accurate timeline, suggestions and routes. How much of that information is being shared with third parties? Would you like it if a company knew your whereabouts all of the time? These questions are something to consider as we move toward a less private but convenient life style.

317 – Digital Transformation Update

A few months ago, Amazon acquired Whole Foods for $13.7 Billion, one of the largest amounts paid to acquire a company. This is all apart of Jeff Bezos’ strategy to bring cheaper products to the consumer market. This acquisition may be great for consumers, but Bezos’ purchase will force other companies to digitally transform.

Towards the end of August, Amazon began dropping the prices of Whole Foods products by significant amounts. This acquisition has clearly impacted grocery stocks, which have struggled since the merge. A main reason why Amazon is successful is because they minimize their profits as much as possible and reinvest capital back into the company. By doing this, Amazon will continue dropping prices so that customers will run into their inexpensive services.

At the moment, Amazon/Whole Foods is competing at the same level of competition as other grocery markets, but this is unlikely to last for long. Eventually, Amazon will implement their new Artificial Intelligence that will make shopping simpler and faster. However, there is a huge down side that will come with this new technology. Although this technology will eliminate store lines, and allow the option to pay for items later, the technology will displace millions of cashier jobs across America. Eventually, this AI will be found in every store, and the near future may include different variations of this technology for small businesses (unless you are paying in cash).

Many companies are struggling to compete with Amazon’s advanced technologies and strategic business decisions. Toys R Us, Sears, and Macy’s are just a few companies that are being affected by Amazon’s success, and they are running out of ideas to save themselves. The reason why these companies fail to compete with Amazon is because they do not offer the wide range of services that Amazon does. Amazon competes in almost every market, and none of these companies can make the expansion into multiple markets like Amazon already has.

Additionally, Amazon has outperformed these companies digitally. Amazon has disrupted many businesses through their innovative technologies and AI. There is a lot of good that has come out of Amazon (such as Amazon Go) which is why I believe the government has not stepped in on their monopoly yet, the government would not want to hinder their incredible progress. On the other hand, what Amazon is doing is arguably illegal. Although the technology Amazon has come up with is considerably brilliant, it cannot mask the fact that it will destroy millions of jobs and hundreds of multi-million dollar companies.

Given the Whole Foods deal has been approved, there are no signs of Amazon slowing down. Something needs to be done in order to prevent companies like Amazon from expanding too large. The outcomes will impact the economy more negatively than positively. In the near future, Amazon’s innovative ideas like Amazon Go will be embraced, but not unless it is shared among other businesses. If Amazon grows too large, there will be no room for other companies to grow, no competition, and fewer jobs. For now, companies need to focus on keeping up with Amazon so they do not fall behind. I believe Amazon will be stalled eventually, but until then, the market MUST adapt to technological advancements.

Amazon and Groceries: How Amazon can put the hurt to supermarkets.

Amazon is poised to take the super market industry by storm, when it revealed late last year that it was test running a grocery store. This grocery store utilizes technology called “Just Walk Out” technology, which is a combination of computer vision, deep learning algorithms and sensor fusion. What this does it allow for the artificial intelligence do scan your phone when you enter the store, and keep up with the items you take and put back onto the shelves in real time. So even if you take an item and then put it back, you will not be charged. Then instead of waiting on line, you just have to walk out of the store and your amazon account will automatically be charged and a receipt sent to you phone. This is new type of store has the potential to utterly destroy not only super market chains, but almost every kind of brick and mortar store available. Companies like Amazon will only need a fraction of the employees to fully operate the store as the previous need for cashiers will be gone. The only people needed will be janitors, people to restock the groceries and an overall manager to address any issues. And as this spreads to other stores like game stop and other kinds of retail, people will begin to lose jobs at a very fast pace as more and more jobs are simply no longer needed because of technology simply being better.

So one question remains, how do new comers compete with giants like Amazon. Well the short answer is they have to have everything connected to the internet. To describe this best i suggest going to 5:30 in the video above. What Taylor does to solve the problem of having to turn away walk ins, is symbolic of what the age to come is going to bring, utilization of the internet and adapting it to your needs. Taylor describes how he has a button at his place of work that they press every time they have to turn away a walk in customer. This builds a map for them of when they need staff as opposed to when they don’t. This allows them to place they employees on the clock when they are needed most and have less people on when work is slow. Adaption and thinking like this will allow smaller stores to compete with larger companies like amazon. And both are going to be the future of retail around the world.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution: An Introduction

Over two hundred years ago the life for the average person was relatively the same for generations. Peasants or serfs tilled the farmland of their fathers and grandfathers for generations. That all changed with the use of steam and water to help mechanize the production process. Soon goods could be transported faster and farther with steam ships, coal could be mined more efficiently, and food stuffs increased. This was the first Industrial Revolution. Now two hundred years later there had been two subsequent industrial revolutions. One involving mass production of goods and another one involving the automation of production through computers. With each transition to a different industrial revolution the world order was shattered. The balance of European governance changed with ushering in of the first industrial revolution and the french revolution. The mighty empires of Europe began to crumble as the second industrial revolution came to end. With the beginning of the third industrial revolution the United States of America stood as the sole superpower on the planet as the communist nations in Eastern Europe dissolved. Now we are on the cusp of the fourth industrial revolution. What new transitions do we expect to see in the coming years as technology changes every aspect of our way of life.

Our team has been looking into how this fourth industrial revolution has had an effect on our current education system. It is interesting to see how little education has changed over time, even with our unprecedented access to technology and information like never before. The traditional classroom still looks the same and professors still lecture at students without much variation from the beginning of education. There are some recent changes that have slowly shifted the way education is used and these changes can be summed into three categories: the content effect, the technology effect and the access effect. These categories cover how education is being forced to change because standardized testing is no longer satisfactory. Professors must integrate technology and mass amounts of content into their classes and while doing this they foster an environment for team building and out-of-the-box learning. Even with these changes, there is still so much improvement to be done within the education industry and we would like to further explore the disruption across universities and how this will also overlap into employers educating employees.

The fourth revolution will affect everyone, young or old. It will change the way things are done whether we are ready for it or not. It is important we focus on the future, so we know how youth of the world will be directly affected? A forecasting article we read talked about how education will change in the next 5 years. Relating this article back to the World Economic Forum, teachers and employers need to take charge of training for the future. A video published last year talks about all changes we will see in the coming years. The technology showcased in the video will change the way we see our world and our world educators need to catch up to help aid future students.


Teachers and employers need to realize disruptive change and become educated in order to teach the future. Today we are currently in a transition period, classes like DT&L in the Lab below the Library is the future. The future of education in the classroom is broken down into five parts. One, grades and assignments will be done online, this will limit the number of paper and open accessibility. Two, Group projects will be done over collaborative external sites such as slack, good drive etc. Three, classroom portals will be open to the class in order to post and respond. Four, students will use cloud storage instead of flash drives or paper to store their work. Last, teachers, parents, students, and administrators communicating via social media platforms designed specifically for education. The last point is extremely important because everyone is on the same page now, the world is so much smaller. Education for the future is all about keeping open channels for communications and constantly staying educated on change. We hope that throughout this semester that we can expand on these ideas and prepare our generation for the future.