AI Fighting Crime

What if crime could be stopped before it even happened?  What would the world look like? Thanks to AI, researchers from Stanford University are predicting that this will be a reality in 15 years.  The term used to describe this style of crime-fighting is called “predictive policing.” Through “predictive policing,” artificial intelligence machines will identify pre-existing trends associated with crimes, and use that information to prepare.  For example, if an AI sees a person walking alone in a dark alley, the machine might use this as information to predict a robbery and prepare accordingly. This type of policing can be viewed in a positive light, seeing that it can increase the safety for everyone.  However, it can also be viewed negatively if we look at it through the lens of privacy.  If you think about it, this type of policing is incredibly overbearing.  It sees your every move… are we going to be okay with that? What a lot of people don’t know is that this kind of surveillance is already a reality.  The only difference is that now, the decisions to act can be made quicker, and hopefully more accurately.  

16 Responses to AI Fighting Crime

  1. Matthew Multer November 8, 2016 at 6:32 pm #

    It didn’t even cross my mind that in this sense AI means Artificial Intelligence. As a Philadelphia 76ers fan from the day I was born, my mind is trained to think that AI means Allen Iverson. So naturally I was a tad bit disappointed when I opened this article and it wasn’t even about Allen Iverson. AI will always mean Allen Iverson to me. Although my excitement to read an article about the NBA hall of famer got shot in the foot quickly I’m glad that I decided to click on this article. In the first line John Ferry had my full attention. “What if crime could be stopped before it even happened.” Of course, who wouldn’t want crime to be stopped? That could be a perfect world, and would surely be one that I would want to live in. Turns out that a group of researchers are trying to make that a reality.

    AI are researchers from Stanford University who believe that in 15 years this could be a reality. Predictive policy is the term used to describe this type of crime fighting. Before reading this I had zero knowledge of what that even is. With the word predictive in it one can assume it has to deal with predicting crime. To be exact, thanks to the link that John provided Predictive policy is “using mathematical, predictive and analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity.”

    I’m completely skeptical about that. I find it hard to believe that crime or anything for a matter of fact is predictable. There’s a reason why people lose money gambling. You can’t be too sure of anything and you never know what’s going to happen. Life is way too hard to predict and people in general are way too confusing and unpredictable.

    I don’t think this is a good idea though. Just as John points out in one sense this could be the greatest thing in the world and we good stop crime. That’s the positive. But I don’t believe the positive outweighs the negative of being watched over all the time. Honest to god I would give up the opportunity to be safer to protect my own privacy. Come on? You wouldn’t? Every single thing you do being watched and monitored just to make sure you’re safe. What are the actual odds that a crime would be performed against you? What are the odds walking down the street you’re going to get robbed?

    I think this technology should be utilized to follow people who have a history of performing criminal activities or people who they suspect to be criminals. There’s no need to follow regular, law abiding citizens like myself and John Ferry. If John and I were running a drug ring out of the back of our pizza shop I think AI technology would be appropriate and probably necessary. But for a citizen of the United States who has no criminal history I don’t think it’s necessary to profile them and keep tabs on what they’re doing.

    The only other thing that’s alarming is the fact that surveillance on people is already going on. Something that again, I believe is necessary for people who have criminal histories. AI could be very beneficial in protecting citizens in the future but the right people need to be surveilled. Not Joe Shmo who has never committed a crime in his life.

  2. kaitlyn healy November 9, 2016 at 7:02 pm #

    In the article, AI Fighting Crime by John Ferry he looks at the idea of predictive policing. It is said in the article that in fifteen years this will be the way we prevent crimes. Predicative Policing is done through artificial intelligence and the idea of predicting a crime through the use of analytics and pre-existing trends. A great example in the article was that if a person is walking at night alone in an area that has a chance of a robbery occurring the AI will act accordingly. This is a great tool for the police departments that can have better grip on what, when, and where crimes can occur.
    In New York City the police department have been working with this type of artificial intelligences.it is called Domain Awareness System and they have been using this system obviously for a while since the reference article was from 2012. It was said that the use of three thousand cameras are located all over the city and surveillance can track criminal activity for as far out as a month. This is something from a futuristic movie and it seems like the future is here. The article that is referenced is “The NYPDs Domain System Awareness System is Watching You” by Joe Coscarelli. The article as I stated was from 2012 so I am sure they are even more sophisticated now but it is still a very advanced system that can only help law enforcement get better grip on crime in our cities. It is evident that this system works because on the news every morning we see pictures of suspects from different crimes that the NYPD is looking for help in the community. This type of surveillance is very important for two reasons, one to help catch criminals and second to be a deterrent to criminals because they know there are eye witnesses everywhere. The NYPD made a point to say that this surveillance does not profile any individual regardless of race, religion .ethnicity.
    Of course there are two sides to every story and some people are not happy with this type of policing. There are some individuals that would rather sacrifice their safety in order to protect their privacy. I suppose people feel that they do not want to be watched by authorities all the time and tracked. I think society needs to look at the world we live in today and understand that it is not the same and the police officers are under so much pressure to keep us safe. The only way we can create a safe society is to work together. I have no problem giving up some liberties in order to keep our streets a safe place for all citizens. I think we need a trust between law enforcements and our citizens. I actually get mad when people complain about their privacy when it comes to how our police keep us safe. We need to understand the world and the dangers that we are faced with. People complain about long lines at the airport for safety checks, I say really? When we get from point a to point b safely we should just say thank you for keeping us safe. I personally love the idea of AI helping the police do their job.

  3. Justin Scherzo November 10, 2016 at 1:03 pm #

    This article talks about how, in the future, AI bots could be used to prevent crime. Crime is something that we all wish there was less of, but continues to be a major problem in America, as well as around the world. Researchers from Stanford University are predicting that this technology could be seen in around 15 years. These bots use technology called predictive policing. This technology uses artificial intelligence which identifies trends of criminals and uses this information to prepare for a potential attack.
    I believe that this information could be very beneficial for police officers. Instead of patrolling around a town, officers would be able to be near the site of a potential crime. I am sure that this would lead to both more arrests and less crime. The article does not exactly go into detail on how they plan to stop potential crimes but I have an idea. I think that cameras such as traffic cameras and others would send alerts to police officers about potential crimes.
    One question that this raises is the invasion of privacy that would happen because of the cameras. Having security cameras all around the public world would raise privacy issues, but it is no different than the world that we are living in today. If you think about it, there are cameras on almost every building, most of which we do not even notice. Adding more cameras around the public world, in my opinion, is inevitable. Another issue that is raised is the problem of hacking. Now a days, any device connected to the internet is subject to the problem of being hacked. Just a few weeks ago there was a major hack preformed which shutdown most of the east coast. I cannot see security cameras having advanced protection from hackers. I believe that potentially hackers would be able to see through these cameras and would be able to see wherever they wanted whenever they wanted to.
    I live in a town that there is not much crime, but I have seen my fair share throughout my life. I went to high school in Jersey City and although the school was in a very nice area, it was surrounded with crime ridden neighborhoods. Going on the public train, you always needed to be aware of the people who were around you and needed to travel in a group. I remember one day one of my friends was walking to the train station after football practice and got jumped at gunpoint. I wonder if the AI technology would have been able to prevent him getting robbed. Also, at Seton Hall University we get the pirate alerts to aware us when there is a crime near school.
    Overall, I could see this technology benefiting us in the future. The largest problem it will face is that some may consider it the government spying on them. Others, may take into account the possibility of a hack on the system. Although I am sure that there will be some backlash from this possibility, the purpose of this system would be to protect Americans, which we all should be appreciative of. Whatever happens with this technology I like the idea that researchers are working towards a safer community.

  4. Joe Murdaco November 10, 2016 at 11:48 pm #

    I do not know how I feel about this new “predictive policing” technology. I am all for having increased safety technology in our society. The question is now to determine what cost is worth it. As much as a would love to decrease the crime in America, I would much rather have my privacy. There are pros and cons to this artificial intelligence that was recently invented.
    Initially, the pros of this technology are obvious. If this new system were to actually work, the crime in this country would supposedly drop tremendously. Being one step ahead of every criminal in this world is extremely important in preventing them from committing their crimes. If the AI can actually read the minds of everyone, we could solve every crime on the books and all of those that are bound to happen in the future. A big use of this invention could be to help the individual travel on their daily routes. We all know that area of our town that is scary to walk through at night or the avenue in the city that everyone knows to avoid. How great would it be if there was some way to tell if we should stay clear of these areas? Well this idea would allow for that information to be known. There are plenty of advantageous that would surface from this invention.
    However, I am very skeptical on whether this idea can ever turn out to actually be an invention. It is impossible to predict the future or read someone’s mind. I think this feature would be developed using algorithms, previous data and probability to choose which areas of the world can possibly have a crime committed. There is no exact science to this process and the mistakes will start to pile up and cause plenty of problems. We can possibly see numerous events where someone takes what the AI says to heart and listens to its advice. However, if the technology is wrong then the person can ultimately get hurt. There could be lawsuits all the time from the miscalculations and bad advice from the devices. There will be a very thin line separating what is legal and what is not with something like this. Also, there are some crazy people out there that will not listen to what the devices are saying and they will get hurt because they are stubborn. My biggest concern with this is the lack of privacy we would get. With something following our every movement, we will be afraid to do anything. Plus, the convicted felons that are released from jail will most likely be followed excessively from their track records and they is not completely fair.
    The article says that we already have technology out there now that is similar to the devices in question. I did not know something like this was already introduced into society. I wonder how effective something like this would actually be in combating crime. This could be something that we take a look at and try to use more frequently if it works. On the other hand, we have to keep in mind the consequences.

  5. Edward Vestergaard November 11, 2016 at 9:01 am #

    Within the past few decades, artificial intelligence (AI) has truly evolved from Hollywood-fiction to a groundbreaking technology that assists humans in everyday life. The most stereotypical examples of AI are robots operating in manufacturing plants, designing or assembling parts with an efficiency humans couldn’t possible compete with. Aside from business settings, AI can also be found in smartphones or global positioning systems (GPS). Apple created Siri- which has become one of the most recognizable voices in the world- to streamline information for the user, thereby offering current weather, directions, restaurant reviews, etc. in a split-second. This technology has undoubtedly simplified the lives of innumerable people by doing all the leg-work for them. Although it’s fun to joke that AI will magically turn evil and wage war on humanity, but truthfully we haven’t a legitimate concern about it unless one argues the troubling rate in which autonomous labor is replacing human labor…then fine, you’ve caught me with a smoking gun. However, a new form of AI called “predictive policing,” described as “machines [which] identify pre-existing trends associated with crime and use that information to prepare,” could induce fears/concerns about its intended purpose: to stop crime before it happened (Ferry). The concept seems idealistic, but as author John Ferry explained how this technology is expected to work, I began to see how it would be an effective deterrent of crime; however, in doing so, predictive policing would encroach on people’s civil-rights and thus spark a slew of morality-focused debates.

    Based off the limited information, I’m having trouble understanding how an AI would survey its surroundings then “prepare accordingly” in the event of a potential crime (Ferry). Realistically, I’d imagine that cameras are strategically installed on buildings to scan shady areas, such as “a dark alley” that Ferry describes, but I can’t help but wonder if RoboCops will someday wander city-streets in search of suspicious activity. As cool as that would be, the idea is too far-fetched even for by 2030 standards. How would funds be raised for a project presumably costing hundreds of thousands of dollars for a fleet of maybe two or three AIs? Would anyone actually think that these robots could outperform a standard policeman or woman; and if yes, then why? But moving away from the RoboCop fantasy, let’s focus more on the likelihood that the “machine” Ferry refers to is a surveillance device or sorts which can alert the authorities upon observing something sketchy. Admittedly, this is much more believable than RoboCop, but it’s important to note the ethics behind such observation. Ferry realizes how “incredibly overbearing” this would be as it would surely be an invasion of privacy. But are we gifted privacy on public streets? Plainly, I think not, but I think the bigger issue involves the speculative aspect of predictive policing. Simply watching someone walk through a dark alley doesn’t merit police contact unless it’s obvious the individual is carrying a weapon or otherwise breaking the law. If found to be an innocent passerby, the police would look foolish for speculating that he or she had ill-intentions; therefore, I believe this technology- although having good intentions- cannot predict crime, but rather deter people from engaging in it with constant surveillance.

  6. Jason Salazar November 11, 2016 at 11:13 am #

    This article by John Ferry talks about how the future could stop crime before it happens. When I first read that it sounds crazy to me. Ferry talks about “predictive policing.” They are artificial intelligence machines that will notice trends associated with crimes. With that information they can prepare for the crime. The example he used was if an AI saw a person walking alone in a dark alley, the machine might predict that a robbery could occur and prepare for it. Ferry says that this could possible happen in around 15 years. These types of information that the artificial intelligence gives can be very helpful to the police officers. Now they do not have to spend as much time going around town seeing if anything is going on. With the information they could spend time where the potential crime could be happening. IF they go around there they can possibly stop the crime before it happens and get some more criminals off the streets. That is what this country needs because there are too many crimes that go on every day and they must find a way to reduce it as much as they can. The article really does not explain how exactly they would do this. I suppose they would have to have cameras at every block or some type of thing that can see the entire town. The problem with that is that there are some people who think it could be an invasion of privacy. If there were to be cameras on every street, many people who complain and not like it. The point of cameras are to help out, not to harm anyone. There are already some buildings who have cameras outside just for safety. If they start adding more of them I think it can be just for the same reason. But then again people are just as afraid of who could be watching them. This world has many hackers in it. The cameras that are put up is a potential device to be hacked if someone wanted to. Someone could be a stalker or planning something and just use all these cameras as help to do so. This could be a way of thinking of some people and they might not feel safe. The predictive policing is only for police to be faster to act. If the act faster they can save more people. I live in Clifton, NJ, which is very close to Paterson, NJ. Paterson is a town that has many crimes, I hear about it all the time. This would be a great town to test it out. There are many people who walk around at night and many criminals who take advantage of it. These police officers can pick up many criminals who are out there. Some people might complain about their privacy rights but this is not about that. This is about the police being an extra step ahead of the criminals. They want to stope everything before it happens and with this predictive policing I believe it could work. We need to trust the law, it is the only way we can be protected. The problem with hackers, we just need to rely that the police will catch them before they can do anything and they can secure the cameras more. This is the first time I heard about the Artificial Intelligence idea in this and I totally agree with it. It will only make the towns’ safer from criminals I look forward in hearing more about it and hopefully seeing it done in some towns soon.

  7. Sahnera Spruill November 11, 2016 at 4:42 pm #

    One of the articles linked by John states, “This technique will have a major effect on transport, healthcare and education, potentially bringing massive benefits as well as putting millions of jobs at risk”. I wish the article was more specific about how “machine learning”, which allows computers to learn for themselves to solve problems like a human, will have a major effect on these factors. Although it is inevitable to do so, I don’t think that being able to solve problems like a human should put many jobs in jeopardy. For one, being created by humans, it’s knowledge can never exceed that of a human so they’d be equally as smart. But smart doesn’t mean effective. Smart in terms of an artificial intelligence would be knowledgeable, and logical. But I think that artificial intelligence would lack wisdom. Wisdom is necessary each and every day. Knowledge helps us to know what choices are available to make, and wisdom helps us to know the greatest choice. Bias is necessary when making the greatest choice, bias which AI would lack. An AI would only be effective in making the most logical choice. That’s why I am opposed to letting artificial intelligence get involved in things such as transportation and healthcare, which were both mentioned in the article. I don’t think that we need anything else raising the unemployment rates. To conclude that thought, I don’t think that AI should be involved in every single aspect of humanity. As for predictive policing, I think that it is a great idea.
    Obviously AI fighting crime would cause for controversy, but I believe that’d it’d decrease crime by a landslide. Every day, as we walk down the street, go into a gas station quick mart for a chocolate bar, pick money up from the bank, we are being watched. There is no privacy while out in public. If we’re already being spied on anyway, it might as well be for a reason we can all agree on. Now, if a crime takes place, the surveillance is viewed after the fact. So I see it as a great idea for it to be constantly monitored in order for a crime to never take place to begin with. Researchers claim that AI prediction tools will not be human biased and instead will work by identifying trends in pre-existing crimes. So it will just significantly enhance the ability to predict when and where crimes are likely to happen and who may commit them. For prediction purposes, using algorithms, patterns, and trends sound efficient. But AI shouldn’t actually fight crime. Lack of bias in the prediction tools is necessary, but when it comes down to actually stopping crimes, eliminating human bias and judgement will most likely be a failure.
    There was one aspect of solving crimes that I do believe AI would be super helpful with. It is said that artificial intelligence could help police fight crime by reading lips. As stated about predictive policing, AI would do a great deal of monitoring. Well if police were investigating a crime and they had video evidence but the audio wasn’t available, they could use lip reading technology to help decipher whatever it is suspects or anyone in the investigation was saying.

  8. Joseph Padula November 11, 2016 at 5:33 pm #

    Artificial Intelligence, otherwise known as AI, is becoming more and more prominent in our everyday lives, even if we do not realize it. This article is a perfect example of that due to the fact that the majority of the individuals who read this post thought it was more science friction than real life. With advancement’s like automated vehicles, 3D printing, and other revolution feats of technology our society is moving toward an age where technology will be involved in every aspect of your life. The title itself backs this theory since it would seem to be impossible stop crime before it even happens, but with the amazing capabilities of AI and the constant research to better this technology, it is not completely possible.

    According to a group of researchers at Stanford University by the year 2030 “the typical North American city will rely heavily upon” this advanced technology. Some of this technology includes “machine learning” capabilities, which allows the computers to problem solve by learning from themselves and their past experiences. This will allow the machines to pick up on patterns and other trends to stop a crime before it happens, as the title suggests. Although this technology is going to be everywhere by the year 2030, police and other law enforcement personal are already using these incredible already.

    Given the way the technology trend for the future is going, I am nowhere near supposed to hear about this type of advancements, however I am surprised on the time for this technology to be everywhere in society. Only last year did the best researchers and automated car specialists believe that we were 4-5 years away from having automated cars for the public to use. As of a couple months ago this prediction was far from true since places like Pittsburgh, and some places in Asia are already implemented driverless cars. So my prediction is that this AI tech will most likely be in all major cities within the next 5 years and everywhere by the next 15. Another reason in which I believe this is because everyone in the world is trying to one up each other, especially when it comes to technology. The amount of pressure each country puts on each other to have the best and most advanced technology is going to accelerate all previous estimated predictions.

    Furthermore, advancements such as this, AI predicting crime before it happens, is just one of the many different things coming our way in society. The most prestigious Futurists in our society today predict that within the next year 2016 wearables, Cloud based data, Big data, and things of that nature are going to take our society by storm. Unlike today it is going to more than just millennials using the technology for themselves. It is going to be the entire nation. We are coming toward an age of automation and things like the AI and the other technologies I just mentioned are going to become essential aspects to our everyday life.

  9. Joselito Abarca November 11, 2016 at 5:53 pm #

    As we enter a time where technology is playing an integral role in our daily lives, we should take advantage of these innovations. The article “Cops using artificial intelligence to stop crimes before they happen, researchers warn, explores how artificial intelligence (AI) can be beneficial and detrimental to society. Artificial Intelligence is an intelligent machine that perceives its environment and takes action that maximizes its chance of success at some goal. The term that was coined to explain this style of crime fighting is called predictive policing. Predictive policing usage of mathematical, predictive and analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activities. The way that Al works is it identifies trends in preexisting crimes or learning the signs of someone who might possibly commit a crime. For example if someone looks like they are going to mug someone, cops will be sent to the location and will prevent the thief from accomplishing their goal. For Law enforcement officials, this is a great way to prevent crime and make the city safer. This article also talks about how AL, is already being used to combat fraud and also used on Social Media to find people who can be linked to extremist groups such as ISIS. As technology advances, more crime will be stopped through these. According to a report conducted by Stanford University, “Artificial Intelligence and life in 2030” will become a reality in 15 years. By 2030, most cities in the United States, will integrate artificial intelligence. Furthermore, cities are already beginning to experiment with AL. In collaboration with Microsoft, New York City Police Department have begun a surveillance program known as Domain Awareness System (DOA). Through the DOA, The NYC police department have access to 3,000 CCTV cameras around the city which checks criminal and terrorist databases, radiation levels and license plates 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. Mayor Bloomberg, is optimistic about this new technology and hoping that other cities will adopt it as well. These early roots demonstrate how major cities want to integrate this new technology and use it to benefit the people. However, as great as this innovation seems, there is a lot of opposition to it. After the Edward Snowden leaks, Americans became concerned with the massive surveillance programs that were occurring. Americans feel that AI will deprive them from their privacy this is because, it will monitor all the steps an individual takes. Americans also feel that the government will abuse their authority with artificial intelligence. The opportunity cost of having more safety is giving up privacy. I personally believe that Al can be extremely beneficial to society especially in inner city areas. Crime rates will decrease and people will feel safer being out in the streets knowing that they are protected. As someone who grew up in a rough inner city, if this technology is implemented, murder and drugs rates will decrease because there will not be

  10. Cliff Nash November 11, 2016 at 8:04 pm #

    Predicting crime is something that seems so foreign and so impossible that it is hard to believe it will lever happen. Now that there is technology begin created that will make it a reality it is incredible. The amount of crime this has the potential of stopping is incredible. The article does raise the question of everyone’s mind about it invading people’s privacy. This is not the only concern that people may have with this new surveillance system. It is clearly a revolutionary idea that can make incredible strides in protecting people from things that may happen “in the future”, but think about how it detects this possible robberies. It uses cameras that will keep track and alert the authorities of people doing “sketchy” acts. This means that there would have to be security cameras that cover just about every location. It has already happened in that past that cameras do not cover every area where someone is therefor that person gets away with a crime or it makes them harder to find.
    Current security cameras are there to protect establishments that are robbed and therefor are supposed to essentially catch people doing strange things that may indicated they are going to commit a crime. These cameras can be tampered with and the evidence of the crime destroyed making it nearly impossible to catch the person who is at fault. This new system may have the same sort of issue. If someone who wants to commit a crime tries to tamper with the cameras in the area before they do it, there will still be no evidence and the same issue with the other cameras will occur. Although it is a very good thing on paper it may not actually be as great as thought. Just because someone looks a little off and that they may do something bad does not mean that they are intending to and we should dispatch the police to check that person out.
    Along with the privacy issues there is the concern of placing all the cameras in the necessary areas to see everything and make it possible to stop any potential crime. This project would take a long time to set up and approve beyond the 15 years it would take to finish just because of the potential controversy it may cause. If somehow they were able to get all the cameras up and figure out the issue of it being a privacy violation then there would be no issues to be seen. As for now there are many things that need to be figured out for this potentially incredible invention to actually be brought into the real world.

  11. Jesse Klarfeld November 11, 2016 at 8:15 pm #

    This blog post is very interesting because unlike Matt Ehrhardt’s video about AI having a great advancement, but influencing legal responsibility, this post addresses the effect of AI from a crime standpoint. When reading this article, I quickly thought of the novel “1984” by George Orwell. The reason being is because the author John Ferry mentions “predictive policing.” This immediately gave me thoughts about Big Brother and how the citizens are being watched every which way and there is thought police that will arrest you if you think a way you’re not supposed to.

    Although I had a negative connotation come from this blog post, I do find it a significant idea that could play a role in society today. When Ferry mentions the example of the dark alley, I cannot help but think how inventors would be able to create such an AI. Although I am confused on how they would be able to implement such a thing, I do not have one doubt that it could be done.

    The reason I received a “negative light” from this AI as the author says is because I am looking at this advancement “through the lens of privacy”. I do think this would violate some people’s rights and privacies, so this would cause an issue with placement. The alley example would probably work in this case regarding privacy because the camera would be placed in a public area and help protect the robbing of banks. On the contrary, having a camera on a local neighborhood could ultimately end to sneaky stalking and cause more worry about who and what is watching rather than potential crime.

    From a personal standpoint, I think this idea is not so good due to the uneasiness of having something running and watching at all times. I am critically thinking about this innovation and I truly do find it “overbearing”. The author is right when he says this kind of surveillance is already a reality, which is scary because I am not sure at this point whether or not I am okay with it. I really like the idea of stopping crimes before they happen, but is this really something that will be successful and useful? More information would have to be released in order to determine my actual opinion of implementation on society, however this draws many worries and privacy may weigh out crime.

    From another standpoint, I do think these cameras could help if they were placed on property of a specific building where privacy would not be an issue. Buildings such as banks, police stations, libraries, schools, etc. The snooping of cameras in these instances would not invade privacy because private business is not happening at those places. Overall, I think the AI idea is very well thought out, but the future success is currently questionable. Policing has become a huge issue in the United States and I support the fixing of this destroyed system. Ideas like these will bring betterment for society and the future of our kids.

  12. Dean Falcone November 18, 2016 at 1:23 pm #

    The term “predictive policing” is one I do not entirely feel comfortable with. By analyzing the trends in criminal activity, this technology should be able to stop crimes before they happen. That seems like a great idea on paper, I just cannot see it how it is possible. Humans are spontaneous creatures; they are too unpredictable to rely on trend analysis. For instance, all these “killer” clowns just happened to pop up out of nowhere. There was nothing that could have foreseen this. Just as quickly as they showed up, they disappeared. If AI is going to depend on this to fight crime, I believe that it will be very inefficient.
    Another critique I have with all of the predictive aspects of this is what happens on the exact crime scene. The author uses the example of someone being seen in a dark alley. This raises a few questions. Is it going to immediately confront this person in the alley or wait for a certain action to take place? Without waiting for that person to do something, they can stop crime before it even happens. They might also run the risk of policing someone who was not intending to do anything unlawful. Also, will there be a physical machine in place that will take action or is that just going to be a means to alert someone? By only alerting someone, it allows more time for the perpetrator to escape. Unless, this AI performs some sort of constraining activity that holds them on the scene.
    When discussing profiling with AI, I cannot help but think how divided our country is already. The constant animosity between the police force and the citizens might be amplified with the help of AI. Because of this, whoever is programming these may include their own biases. Even if that is not the case, there is still possibility that the AI is going to aim at policing certain people. The author cites an article where the New York City Police Department does say their surveillance system will not target people based on race, color, religion or gender. They say that about their new technologies, but cannot make that claim with certainty about their own officers. Once again because people are impulsive and hard to predict. All the work that AI can do to fight crime should not lead to another revolution over race.
    In the same article about the NYPD, the whole push for AI is made sensible to me. It may not be the best for society to have AI integrated with the police force, but for business it is. This is due to the fact that Microsoft will give a portion of the profits to New York City when another city implements the technology. That is why mayor Bloomberg is so enthused about it: “I hope Microsoft sells a lot of copies of this system, because 30 percent of the profits will go to us.” It does not sound like he is too concerned with stopping crime and helping keep towns/cities safe. He wants more criminal activity throughout the country, that increases the need for this technology. Therefore, increases in revenues for him. While there are opportunities for this to be a great standard worldwide, I can only see negatives as of now. Perhaps once there are further developments and we can see exactly what is going to happen, I will be more comfortable with the concept.

  13. Vannesa Martinez November 18, 2016 at 6:56 pm #

    Artificial intelligent machines fighting crime sounds like something that you would hear from a movie. However, it is slowly starting to gain attract in reality as researchers from Stanford University are predicting that this will becoming a reality within the next 15 years or about the year 2030. The short article “AI Fighting Crime” discusses how technology will now be incorporated into the police force to aid police officers stop crimes from occurring. The most interesting part of this all is that these artificial intelligence will help officers to stop crime before they even occurring. From what they call “predictive policing”, artificial intelligence will find pre-existing trends associated with crimes and use that information to catch crime early on. These will include machines that will learn for themselves what to expect and solve these problems like humans would. Cities have slowly begun to use this practicing in public safety and services areas before they begin expanding into others service areas.
    Ultimately, there are several benefits and setbacks that arise when artificial intelligence is used now and will be used more in the future. Obviously, this would help to increase the safety and security in cities, especially cities that have high crime rate. These types of cities would definitely benefit from a greater presence of security to help control and decrease the crime rate. Not only would AI would have an impact in the public safety sector, but as the article “Cops using artificial intelligence to stop crimes BEFORE they happen, researchers warn” it also provides benefits to transportation, education, and healthcare. The services of AI would help to improve the lifestyle of people as a whole not just in one sector. It would change the way we see security and we would be able to become more educated on learning how to operate and use them for the good of society. For example, the article also mentions how AI is already being used to stop white collar crimes such as fraud. This impact alone not only benefits to let others aware that fraud is more catchable, but also helps the economy and citizens of society from fraud further expanding. Small wins like these could be what officers need because they cannot all monitor everything at the same time in any one location. They would help to carry out justice in the correct manner and also help to keep officers in check from abusing their power, something has become too frequent in society today and needs to be better controlled. And as technological advances go underway more throughout the years, technology itself will be able to operate and function better. With an increase improvement, it will also present an improvement on society as it can work greater to the advantage of policing.
    The most significant con that the article highlights is that this could also present itself to be a problem the AIs targeting the wrong people at the wrong time, which should be a great worry for anyone in society. Innocent people out walking for the day could be innocently targeted by the AIs, without the intention to. This is a factor that people who program the AIs need to keep in mind when installing them and officers teaching them who they should and should not correctly target, solely based on their actions and not by their appearance. Although this occurrence happens in society now even when AIs are still not widely present, officers need to teach them to not develop this habit. That people cannot be categorized by who they look like or what they wear. Their actions are only what they can be judged on by the pre-existing acts that the AIs have already learned to recognize. All in all, AIs seem like a beneficial tool to introduce to society as long as it functions to the needs of the safety and security of the people and is never misused.

  14. Gregory Medina December 9, 2016 at 7:24 pm #

    It is a sure fact that cannot be avoided, artificial intelligence will definitely be integrated into our society. As of today, the most basic forms of artificial intelligence are now incorporated into everything from computers to hand held devices. For example, Apple’s iPhone comes with the AI Siri; moreover. Google and Microsoft have developed their own forms of artificial intelligence such as Google Assistant and Cortana. Though basic, it is hard to think of using one’s device, especially smart devices, without a form of artificial intelligence. They are, fundamentally, a part of modern society, and in some cases, already have jobs. Thus, it is not surprising that there will be a use for artificial intelligence, especially in the case of Law enforcement. Moreover, it is even possible to see artificial intelligence become a staple part as acting as an interpreter of law. Regardless, one can only image the possibilities that can arise from such an advance in technology.

    Technology can advance so far that certain jobs may no longer be needed. However, when it comes to law enforcement, the use of an AI for crime stopping would be a great advantage. Thought the concept of privacy in order to do so is greatly in danger, modern day crime prevention uses such invasive maneuvers. For example, the NSA has legal right for the invasion of privacy in reference to national security. On the other hand, such gives premise of what people can do with such ability. For example, government can use it in the form of surveillance as a method of coercion for compliance, such as seen in the book 1984 by George Orwell. Moreover, in the case of civilians, people can take advantage of the system and steal it’s information for their own profit. Regardless, the utility of artificial intelligence in regards to preventing crimes should be implemented. Such can actually do more good than harm. Though it does take away forms of privacy, it works in favor of the public by preventing crimes from occurring. Moreover, if a crime were to be in process, artificial intelligence could plan out the most effective form of counteracting crime. On the contrary, when it comes to liability in terms of sentencing criminals, such should be left to humans. This is due to the fact that, if artificial intelligence were not at the point of sentience, a moral being should conduct the act of sentencing. Further, people who were under the judicial act of sentencing would be more empathetic if it were person to person. Nonetheless, artificial intelligence should be used in regards to crime fighting, but at the cost of privileges.

  15. Thomas Batelli February 10, 2017 at 2:40 pm #

    I have never been much of a supporter of artificial intelligence, however I respect its purposes for the sake of science as well as moderate convenience. However, I think that artificial intelligence should be viewed just as dangerous as guns, nuclear weapons or any weapon of mass destruction. The utilization of artificial intelligence is not only growing rapidly within our society, but it is become a norm. With that being said, artificial intelligence has completely taken over our way of life, and we’re not even that far invested into it yet.

    It is scary to think of what could happen if artificial intelligence were to take a turn for the worst. As I have mentioned in many of my posts, perhaps there is a certain limit in which technology should be advanced so that we, as humans, can better understand the means and circumstances prior to destruct or devastation? There is something open-ended about the use of artificial intelligence that tests our morale and our security. Many people are more focused on how we can create a means of profit and simplicity over the importance of truth and genuine effort.

    The use of navigation and location services is commonly used across the globe with specific cell phone relations, such as Samsung and Apple. With these services, consumers are better able to address their location as well as send their location to others. This alone, is already somewhat of an invasion of privacy as many cell phones, if purchased through Apple, are currently working off of a lease-basis, where you upgrade your phone every year and you pay for it monthly, separate from your phone bill. Isn’t it discouraging that your entire camera roll has basically tracked your every move, as every picture you have taken has been documented, date and time, as well as exactly where you were?

    The use of artificial intelligence in the police force is not only incorrect but also devastation to our morale. For example, there are many occurrences where police officers are forced to make decisions using both human empathy and reason, alongside law. If artificial intelligence is unable to identify or understand human emotions, how can we guarantee the right thing was done? On the other hand, if artificial intelligence was to decipher human emotion as well comprehending it, should we not be scared of the negative ramifications that could occur from technology obtaining power over man?

    At the end of the day, we as humans are as addicted to our technology more than anything else. As if that doesn’t scare you enough, picture an innovation like this coming into play. Can we really trust technology with ultimately everything that occurs in our everyday life surrounded by human emotion? Or is it more of a matter of should we? Have human beings crossed the ultimate line when relying on technology to get them through literally every aspect of our culture? Has this become our culture?

  16. Daniel Alvarez February 17, 2017 at 8:37 pm #

    The future is already here as far as some forms of artificial intelligence. There are many devices available to the public that represent artificial intelligence. As of today, the most basic forms of artificial intelligence are now incorporated into everything from computers to hand held devices; kiosks and Siri are just a few examples. Though basic, it is hard to think of using one’s device, especially smart devices, without a form of artificial intelligence. They are a staple of modern society and artificial intelligence innovations and inventions have the whole world as far as its realm of possibility. Law enforcement, as this article explains is no different. Artificial intelligence can possibly take an active role law enforcement and policing crime. This is similar to IBM’s Watson; a computer that has the ability to absorb and analyze vast quantities of data. Watson has such a vast pool of knowledge and very quick feedback that it can easily beat champion Jeopardy contestants in the information reciprocation game.
    Technology can, and has in many cases, advance so far that certain jobs may no longer be needed. However, when it comes to law enforcement, the use of an AI for crime stopping would be a great advantage to have on criminals. Though the concept of privacy in order to do so is greatly in danger, modern day crime prevention uses such invasive maneuvers. For example, the NSA has legal right for the invasion of privacy in reference to national security. On the other hand, such gives premise of what people can do with such ability. For example, government can use it in the form of surveillance as a method of coercion for compliance, such as seen in the book 1984 by George Orwell. Moreover, in the case of civilians, people can take advantage of the system and steal its information for their own profit. Regardless, the utility of artificial intelligence in regards to preventing crimes should be implemented because the benefits far outweigh the negatives. There can be a policy or a statues implemented by the government to further protect the privacy rights of individuals that have not committed crimes. Though it does take away forms of privacy, it works in favor of the public by preventing crimes from occurring and being prepared when crimes do occur. Let’s take this one step further. Can artificial intelligence police crime AND interpret the law as in the duties of a judge? This would present a computer, free of bias and loaded with every single court case ruled literally in the back of its head. It can make very complex decision with a lot of useful information. As in the case with Watson, it is already more accurate in diagnosing humans than humans are themselves. If it can judge humans more accurately than humans can, then why not implement it. Or at least have it as a tool for human judges to more accurately make decisions. There is already an overflowing prison population so if less innocent people go to jail who benefits? The civilian population of the United States of America.

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