Category Archives: Education-4IR

Education- 4IR Summary

The world is on the precipice of another revolution. New technologies have allowed the human race to push for a new standard of living. In the new future we can help create a world with less poverty, where people can live longer, transform they way we consume energy so it is more efficient, and automate the workforce. These new advancements will drastically change the way we live, and after taking DT&L it has become apparent that the world is not ready for these new technologies. We are progressing so fast when it comes to technology that our society cannot catch up.This is why we have had such massive hacks on our public and private institutions. Us being behind explains why some scientists and inventors are worried with what we will do with AI. Our societal awareness is so far behind our technological awareness that disaster may be looming around the corner and we can not see it. Now how do we fix these problems? The consensus of our class is that education is the key to understanding this new future. The major issue we face, however is that the way our current educational system works is inadequate to help students prepare for this future.

Our current educational system is outdated, even by today’s standards and as the fourth industrial revolution begins our schooling system will be placed further behind than ever before. If students are unprepared for today’s economy then there is little hope schooling will prepare students for the future economy. As our economy is led into another technological revolution it is time for us to take schooling along with it. Yet, how do we do this?

The future of our education system has been a hotly debated issue in politics for decades. Programs like President George Bush’s No Child Left Behind are a recent reminder. Most people agree that there are massive flaws in the way we educate the nation’s youth. The video below went viral last year and has garnered millions of views.

 

 

There have also been many TED talks highlighting the importance of education reform and that the current way of teaching is inadequate. Below is a TED talk from Sir Ken Robinson talking about how to escape education’s death valley.

 

Both of these videos highlight two important flaws that our education system has: It is a rigid system and it stifles individuality. Since there are millions of students in America it was seen as an easier solution to standardize the basics. Standardized tests decided where kids can go to school, which states receive grants, and hammer in basic study skills to students. This system has in turn stifled individuality and this is an issue because it handicaps students who think differently, a perfect analogy is teaching a goldfish to climb a tree. This standardization and mechanization of our education system has held it back from change. Sir Ken Robinson create a good point in his TED Talk, “Education is not a mechanical system it’s a human system.” The main issue plaguing education is that it has failed to adapt to the individual needs of the student and has forced students into a box. Thankfully with the new technologies ushered in by the Fourth Industrial Revolution we have the potential to individualize education and make it possible for every student to learn at their own pace, so everyone can prepare themselves for the future.

 

AI will change the way students from all age groups will learn. The current education system has been in place for over one hundred years and the same static classroom look has not changed. Artificial Intelligence will change the general approach to education to a more focused and refined version for each student. AI will be able to detect what subjects are harder for students at an earlier age and will be able to work with that student to improve his/her skills. The more individualized the education is, the more likely the student will gain more out of the class. Education with the help of AI will become more immersive and will become a long term approach to generating new skills for students. Giving students exposure to smart boards and new online tools such as Slack, will empower them to learn and become more efficient. Artificial intelligence is one the most important technologies in the contemporary world, it is apart of everyone’s daily lives and we are bounded to the power it gives us. The classic student and teacher relationship will become more engaging and less hierarchical. Virtual reality and AI will go hand in hand to create a new way of learning. The ability to learn anytime and anywhere will change the way we view schools and rigid structure.  

 

There is another question we have to ask ourselves when we update our education system What do we want to get out of it? When we are able to create an education system that adapts new technologies and embraces a student’s individuality the question becomes what will we teach. The video below gives a quick explanation on what the new curriculum should be.

 

Near the end of this video an interesting point was made. Education should not end at a certain point, people can continue to grow and learn even after they are no longer in school. With the help of the internet and sites such as Udemy, people can learn new skills at a cheap price. With this new technology and system, adults can learn and experience new things just as students do. This is the future of education and this will help fix the issues like rigidity and lack of individuality. The internet is excellent at passing on information fast and creating new content in response to changing times. With online classes and YouTube teaching channels students can learn what they want to learn and in depth. All of human knowledge and history is available for humans to view. When a new disruptive technology enters the world economy, people will be able to go to the internet and learn how to adapt. In the future someone can learn new skills that will allow them to succeed in an ever changing economy.

The fourth industrial revolution is coming and it is going to completely change the way we see the world. Currently we are unprepared for this revolution. In order to become prepared we have to look at our current education system and fix the flaws plaguing it. We have to make education more personal and fitting for every student and make the system less rigid. Today we have the technology and equipment to implement this properly. In the future we can have an economy that will produce disruptive technologies, but we do not have to fear it. Using the internet we can have people constantly learning new things and adapting themselves to the changing world around them. As talked about in the last POV by some students, we have to keep ourselves up to date. We believe that this dream can be a possibility and that we can update education to fit the challenges of the future and a 21st century world.

Will the Future Increase the Education Gap?

Education is increasingly becoming the topic of many candidates in recent elections. Why is that someone may ask, have we not we achieved a good education for everyone in America by 2017? The National Education Foundation does research on how to close the achievement gap, they have come up with a  few points to combat the education gap. The multiple points are: Enhanced Cultural Competence, Comprehensive Support for Students, Outreach to Students’ Families, Strong District Support, Access to Qualified Staff, and Adequate Resources and Funding. These points are very important to note, but what happens when education becomes disrupted by major technology. The very rich neighborhoods in big cities will have AI teachers will inner city schools are just now being caught up to smart boards at best. Education throughout this semester has been about what will change, but in this post I wanted to focus on reality right now and how much of a difference this will make for students who are not being prepared for the future. The isolation of African Americans and Latinos has been a major problem in the past but is slowly becoming better. Since 2000, with little notice, the gap between both African American and Hispanic students and whites has narrowed in the 4th and 8th grade tests in math and the 4th grade reading test conducted for the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the nation’s common yardstick of student performance. On 8th grade math, the gap since has narrowed for Hispanic but not black students. That’s a significant improvement from the 1990s when African Americans and Hispanics failed to gain ground on most of those tests. As a country and individuals who make up this country, we need to do a better job of creating opportunities for everyone. Education should not become a trickledown effect, technology needs to be made readily available to everyone or the gap will just become bigger.

4th Revolution and AI

 

In class today we talked about education and how it will effect professors and students. I had to connect the dots and I felt the need to share an article I found. The future of education is way more efficient than we ever though. Automation will be completely ran by artificial intelligence. The big issue that many people in class had with this, is that it will just create more of an education gap. The rich will be able to learn faster and better, the poor will be stuck behind and we will see income inequality even more in the future with ripple effects. Artificial intelligence is going to run the world and there is not doubt about it. When I first started learning about the fourth revolution I was thinking how jobs will change, but I did not know how extensive automation and computer intelligence played into this. Teacher’s makes mistakes, imagine a robot that will never grade a paper wrong. Teachers don’t know every answer to a question, imagine a robot that has all the answers. The imagination of many will soon become a reality. This article talks about ten ways that education will be majorly effected. Number one, artificial intelligence can automate basic activities in education, like grading. Number two, educational software can be adapted to student needs. Number three, It can point out places where courses need to improve; this is personally my favorite because a teacher may be feeling tired but a robot will always want to help a student expand a learn more. The other points are listed on the article and go into how interactions today will no longer be a reality in a few years.

The Pending Implications of Gene Therapy on Education

Despite the staggering number of applications for gene therapy that are currently being investigated, the list continues to grow almost by the day. MIT researchers have discovered a potential genetic link between ADHD and Autism, meaning that gene therapy may be helpful in curing if not improving care for both disorders. The research shows that there is potentially a relationship between the brain’s thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN), which blocks out sensory inputs that can be distracting, and both ADHD and Autism. Their research suggests that when the TRN activity is slowed, the brain has a harder time controlling distractions. This means that an adjustment to the TRN behavior could help control ADHD and Autism symptoms, as well as other attention-related disorders. The study is still in its infancy and the testing is being conducted on mice, but the results are very promising. The results suggest that a correction of one specific gene, Ptchd1, carried on the X Chromosome, can restore TRN functionality.

While the research is still in the early stages, the long-term implications of a successful TRN-correction procedure are huge. The CDC estimates that 11% of children ages 4-17, accounting for 6 million children, suffer from ADHD. That is 6 million students struggling to pay attention in classrooms, struggling to focus during exams, and ultimately struggling to find employment if the symptoms persist into adulthood. If a gene editing treatment is developed, there is a possibility that those children will be able to participate and even excel in the classroom in ways they could not have fathomed without the use of prescription medicine. By eliminating the need for drugs like Adderall and Ritalin, thus eliminating children’s dependency on them, the general health of those suffering from attention disorders will improve greatly. The unfortunate reality is that disorders like ADHD condition children to depend on medicine to function properly. It is not their fault because the medicine is necessary to focus and learn, that said, it is not healthy to develop a drug dependency at such a young age regardless of its purpose.

Gene therapy is already being applied to so many genetic disorders, with the possibility of curing ADHD and Autism, a new generation of smarter, faster, healthier, and stronger people seems inevitable. There will potentially be 6 million more students studying harder, retaining more information, and ultimately becoming better learners. If this trend is multiplied across generations, eliminating prohibitive, cognitive disorders in students, it could reshape the entire education system with many subsequent disruptions. There would potentially be less of a demand for remedial education and an increase in demand for higher education or a productive alternative. This will lead to a smarter overall population, a scenario that has countless positive implications. Once of which is increased economic stimulation, resulting from the inevitable increase in demand for employment. It may be a stretch, but it is possible that one genetic modification in 6 million students could transform the entire economy.

It is easy to become caught up in the seemingly infinite number of applications for gene therapy, but the price tag is certainly a reality check. The current price for Yescarta, a patient-specific gene therapy procedure designed to treat aggressive forms of blood cancer, is a whopping $373,000. At that price point, it makes far more sense to treat attention disorders such as ADHD with prescription drugs. However, as the technology evolves, the price will inevitably come down. We are in a strange transition period in many different industries and medicine is no exception. The new advancements being made are nothing short of groundbreaking, but it is no small task to bring a new procedure to the market. Due to FDA regulations, years of research and testing are required before the first human trials, and even then, successful implementation into the market is not guaranteed. In medicine, consumer demand for treatments is ahead of the technology, and the technology is way ahead of the FDA. This may slow down the implementation of new drugs and procedures, but their timelines do not detract in any way from the scope and severity of their implications.

 

 

4th Industrial Revolution

These two articles further explain where I believe the Fourth industrial revolution is going. Focusing on the socio-economic and cultural effects, the fourth industrial revolution is following the past with a major effect. The first one, from the late 1700s to mid-1800s, marked the transition from making goods by hand to using machines. The second industrial revolution began in the late 1800s largely as a result of the invention of electricity and ushered in an era of mass production and assembly lines. The introduction of computers and other digital electronics launched the third revolution in the 1950s. The fourth industrial revolution focuses on artificial intelligence, big data, the internet of things and other emerging technologies that fuse the physical, digital and biological worlds. This article from the San Francisco Chronicle outlines what to expect for the future and why we need to be ready. We need to stay optimistic with the future, although failed attempts like the google glasses show promise, technology is moving incredibly fast. The fourth industrial revolution will touch everyone, this means that even farmers in Australia are not immune to the change. The ability to track and grow plants without the normal stress is incredible. The education revolution will change how everyone continues with their everyday life.