Category Archives: Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing in Whole

The age of quantum computing is upon us and it will play an astronomical role in the building of our new society. Around the world, companies and countries are both racing to produce the first commercial quantum computer. Why is this? The reason that it will be such a crucial tool in this is because of two factors: its speed and computing power. This speed has the ability to be paired with artificial intelligence to speed up the process of building and training algorithms using machine learning and Deep Neural Nets. Google and the team over at Alphabet have already begun working on integrating the two and given their recent quantum breakthrough, its era may be even closer than we think.

The way quantum computers function is through the use of qubits. Classic computers utilize bits and store them as either a 0 or a 1, this creates a series of ons and offs that provide instructions on how to best process the information given. This is a large amount of processing power, but in comparison to the quantum computer’s qubit, it is easy to understand why the world is both wary and eager to uncover the mystery that is the quantum computer. A quibit has the ability to exist as both a 0 and a 1. This means that the amount of states that can be represented have endless possibilities and thus the ability is has to analyze information and help industries and institutions worldwide also knows no bounds. It is expected that the quantum computers of the future will be able to work on a level that is beyond what all other computers in the world working together could achieve.

The scope of the world will be altered with the advent of quantum computer’s processing. With the increased computing power, consider all the industries that will be affected. Some of the major areas affected will be in relation to Machine learning, Medicine, chemistry, education, and climate change. Machine learning is about pattern recognition. It uses algorithms to crunch large amounts of data and the goal is to maximize the number of comparisons you make between data to make the best models. Quantum computing will make processing data much faster and more effective than with a classical computer. Making a more powerful AI that possesses abilities beyond what we can imagine may come sooner than we know it. Quantum computing in medicine will allow us to model complex molecular interactions at an atomic level. It will be able to model over 20,000 proteins in a human genome and start to manipulate it to making new drugs from existing drugs that have not yet been discovered. In regard to education, quantum computing has the ability to revolutionize an industry that has for so long been slow to implement and understand the newest technologies for fear of change. Quantum computing paired with specific AI learning models possess the capabilities to train the students of the future. Paired with immersive technologies that currently exist, quantum computing allows for increased data collection which gives the AI a chance to learn more than it ever has before. With increased learning comes the ability to create a highly-accurate psychological and behavioral profile of students. Think of a future where we understand exactly how much students are struggling or emotionally entangled in the various course subjects just by looking at pupil size. This is happening now and will only become more prevalent with the use of quantum computers.

While there are definite benefits to quantum computing, such as the increased speed and power mentioned earlier, there are negatives that come along with too. There will be major disruptions that come with quantum computing as we move more into the future. The implications of quantum computing are important to know and understand because with its application will come major job losses and public security risks that can occur as we have more data to access. The phenomenon of quantum computers is already here and the impossible has been done. Though with this being said it will be years before the general public has a thorough enough understanding of the technology and it’s uses for any practical application. In order to prepare for this initial formal introduction, we will have to build a completely new security model. This is because our current model works on an encryption method known as cryptography. The theory behind cryptography is that when you multiply two large numbers together it is extremely difficult to break the sum back down into its prime factors. The problem is that this has been cracked years ago, yet we still use it as the basis for securing our most important information. In 1994, mathematician Peter Shor released an algorithm that performs integer factorization. Fortunately enough, this algorithm takes an enormous amount of computing power and takes forever to solve, but when quantum computers are introduced we will be in a great deal of danger. Temporal Defense Systems, a cybersecurity firm, has recently purchased one of the most powerful quantum computers available in hopes of building a base model for the necessary security system update. They claim that they will now be able to solve more complex computational problems faster, allowing for an increase in the pace of their security and solving a critical societal problem.

We must take this seriously as we begin to consider the implications of hackers entering into our technological grid. As the Internet of Things grows, so does the susceptibility to cyber attack. As mentioned before, quantum computing can easily break down the difficult encryption that currently exists with ease. A quantum computer can solve a 56-bit encryption in .322 milliseconds when compared with a classical computer that took 1 day to solve the same problem. We must begin to incorporate quantum cybersecurity into all of our platforms before the attacks begin. This can be done with the use of quantum keys as well as simply using the basic rules of privacy to ensure with the advent of quantum computing, our information and private information does not get released, especially to the wrong people.

Quantum computing has long been synonymous with innovation. With increased computing power comes unlimited solutions to outstanding problems in our society. While this is true and something to look forward to, there are things far less beneficial coming with it and we must prepare ourselves of the inevitability that is the quantum computing era. This will happen sooner than we anticipate but by understanding how it works, what it is capable of, and how we can protect ourselves, we have more of an opportunity to embrace and see all the benefits it can bring.

AI and Quantum Computers Influence

AI as we know are here, but for one mere robot to look and live among us is another. I just find it weird to have a robot that has become a citizen of Saudi Arabia to be comfortable for everyone. How could it be that their technology advancements has lead to Sophia the robot with being a citizen that has been checked for all flaws so quickly. Their is a long way to go with AI and quantum computing but each and every technological company around the world wants to be the one to make the breakthrough first; rather then making a strategic plan to make sure these computers are ready to go into the world. Sophia the robot is not only intelligent in numerous areas, but is also capable of emotion, facial expressions. Sophia the robot is a self learning machine and if this is not enough to creep you out I don’t know what is. We have just given the foundation of computational research a human platform with a human identity to live with us. However, what does this mean moving forward for our world with robots leaving in it. Does this make humanity safe with them, what problems does this solve? I just think it is to soon to release something into the world knowing their are complications that can arise but as always is taking into effect later. What will a typical day look like for an AI living a human life will they have a profession in a desired career path, will they have an income, or would they have a household as well. Having Sophia declared as an citizen means where actually moving way faster than expected and with one robot already living like an human what will the future look like.

Quantum Computers is surely coming up faster than we know too because every company wants to be the first to announce an actual working quantum machine. Quantum computing is set to take over the world and become the master mind behind everything. Microsoft has made a breakthrough into general quantum computing moving them closer to the answers how to master the quantum computers. Microsoft plans to build a quantum computing ecosystem that is based on Freedman’s field of math and branch of physics seemingly mystical its early pioneers invoked philosophy and spirituality. Microsoft experts believe quantum computing innumerable practical benefits.That allows scientists to do computations in minutes or hours that would take a lifetime of the universe on even most advanced even most classical computers we use today. Microsoft has the same views as any company about what we will expect to have accomplished if these computers are online and fully functional. Quantum computing has some time to go before being released into society because their is only one shot you get to impress the world with a computer that can manipulate human intelligence and current data to make it into something new. Moreover, quantum computing can be a good thing with good intentions for humanity depending on the nature of its use or purpose to help the economy become stronger. As well as making significant changes the world making it a better place for everyone.

The impact of Quantum Computers on Society

 

Similarly to our conversation on artificial intelligence, it’s safe to say that the first to fully create controllable quantum computers will be thousands of years ahead of his counterpart. One of the problems is that the very people that we do not want to have this type of power are the only ones who can afford the technology right now. Imagine the power that Google will have access to with the exponential growth that they are experiencing in the field of quantum computing. Match this with their advanced technology in the field of artificial intelligence and you have a match made in heaven. As our Machine Learning group has mentioned: we will have to face the fact that there will be a considerable number of jobs that will be replaced by artificial intelligence. To add to the issue, with the advance of quantum computing technology, this is a problem that we will have to address much earlier than we expected. If the only thing machines require to complete any given task is time to learn the task you have given it, which could be accelerated with the computational speed of a quantum computer, then how long will it take before there are machines working in hospitals operating with little to zero percentage error? Or even imagine if the power and speed of quantum computing was used to advance the field of gene therapy how fast could we engineer the perfect human that never dies?

The beneficial implications and uses of this technology are innumerable, but anything of such reward comes with a high level of risk. Longer life expectancy leads to overpopulation, which is a problem that we are not ready to face. We have also never faced any being of superior intelligence to us, which will be an issue of its own. We must make sure that this technology is placed in the right hands and is used for the beneficial advance of humanity. This has to be done appropriately the first time around because any slight error could threaten human existence as we know it.

Speaking of, Temporal Defense Systems recently purchased one of the most powerful quantum machines available and they will help build the basis for the security systems that will be necessary when this technology arrives on a larger scale in the near future. With quantum technology, they will be able to take security and defense to the next level with device to device authentication, increased speed of threat detection and real time security level rating. James Burrell, exclaims that there are considerable benefits associated with this technology, which are mainly their ability to solve more complex computational problems. This allows them to increase security on pace with the ever changing operational network.

As you may recall from previous posts, quantum technology works on an exponential scale. Because the basis of this technology is currently being made a reality and put into practice, progress will only rise exponentially from here. Remember all of the issues that we brushed off because they were too far ahead of their time? Well the reality is that these problems will be in our face before we know it and we must be prepared to take them on with viable solutions once they are here.

https://www.wired.com/video/what-is-quantum-computing

The Future of Cybersecurity is Quantum

Quantum computing could be coming sooner than anticipated. With Google’s recent announcement regarding the progress on their own Quantum Computer, the time period in which these supercomputers could make their debut may have shrunken exponentially. Though some say Google is premature in their predictions, they are yet another addition to the arms race for “quantum supremacy”.  So why does everyone want to be the first? Quantum computing has long been synonymous with innovation. With increased computing power comes unlimited solutions to outstanding problems in our society. While this is true and something to look forward to, there is something far less beneficial coming with it as well, the need for quantum cybersecurity.

Almost everything we use today depends on our technological grid. As the Internet of Things grows and grid systems modernize, the susceptibility to cyber attack increases. The more access points, the better the chances that malware could be planted on devices that have the ability to destroy equipment, cause widespread outages, and threaten public safety. This can all done thousands of miles away in a secure environment with relative anonymity if done properly. To combat this, cryptography has become an integral component of our digital infrastructure.  Effective encryption is not just important, it is necessary for government entities, businesses and individuals to protect their digital communication.  Many of our core communication protocols rely on 3 functionalities in particular: public key encryption, digital signatures, and key exchange. With the advent of quantum computing, these forms of encryption are rendered completely useless. Because quantum computing is based on encoding data into the superposition of states and creating quantum bits rather than the ones and zeros in the binary digits of classical computers, quantum computers will have the ability to crack the large-scale cryptography that exists within our current grid system within seconds. Linus Chang, the founder of Australian software company Scram Software put it like this: If a classical computer and a quantum computer were given the same 56-bit encryption, it would take the classical computer, on average, 1 day to crack it while the quantum computer would take 0.322 milliseconds. Imagine that power in the hands of the wrong people.

ABI Research, the leader in emerging technology intelligence, predicts that the first attack-capable quantum computers will be on the market by 2030. That is a short time before every device we own and all the information and data accumulated by extension is immediately accessible if the attacker wants to target us, and there are plenty who do. What we need to do now is prepare ourselves for this imminent threat with quantum cybersecurity. While traditional cybersecurity addresses network breaches after they happen, quantum cybersecurity consists of implementing quantum security measures before the attacks occur. This can be done right now by adding quantum key distribution to existing encryption to strengthen it against potential attacks.

Quantum keys are the world’s only true random numbers and through this distribution, only the keys are shared using photons of light. While these photons can be intercepted, they cannot be cloned. This no-cloning ability is the fundamental principle behind quantum key distribution and its revolutionary abilities have already been recognized and implemented by Swiss banks and European governmental units. In the longer term, quantum networks must be integrated into our existing transmission lines and quantum-resistant algorithms must be deployed. Understanding that these cybersecurity measures must be taken now is crucial. The threat posed by the advent of quantum computers is imminent and affects all of us.

Google Reveals there Quantum Computer

 

As mentioned in prior post about Quantum computing it has become a breakthrough in today’s society and more relevant to the economy as well as businesses greatest asset. Along with quantum come their effects to education, machine learning, energy. But Google has just revealed there Quantum computer and what they believe to be the best computer and no computer can compare to it. Googles quantum computer would have nearly 50 qubits making it a powerful supercomputer that has surpassed conventional computing which is also known as “Quantum Supremacy“. There intention of the quantum computer is to create a system where it supports 49 qubit superposition. Google has begun running their test on the quantum computer starting a 20 qubits and by the end of 2017 they plan to have 49 qubits fully functioning and working for the upcoming year. Googles quantum computers will make personalized medicine reality, parsing out the function of every protein in the human genome and modeling their interactions with all possible complex molecules very quickly. Quantum computing will make a drastic change to our medical, science, engineering sectors bringing us limitless outcomes to technological advances in the future and it starts now.

Will Google succeed with their new quantum computer? Google has been running a series of test with there quantum computer called coin-flip. This happens by storing two numbers and choosing one of them at a random each time. The coins are suppose to behave like particles to obey the laws of quantum mechanics. There are 50 coins that will act in place of a qubit so Google can test there theory about quantum computing. I will say from reviewing Googles breakthrough in quantum computing, it looks like they still have a long way to go knowing some of there testing has not worked in there favor. Google has some minor kinks they need to work out before revealing such an important machine to the public that can cause damaged if not properly ready to be on the market. Moreover, I strongly believe that googles quantum computing breakthrough was merely an act to say they did it first and other companies might prolong there time to release there quantum computers. But releasing there technology so early could be a defect to there own process causing numerous effects.

Quantum Computing & Education

Quantum Computing has the power to revolutionize and change industries and institutions in a capacity we cannot even wrap our minds around. The outstanding capability these machines have to process and analyze information can be understood best if we take a step back and consider how a computer today relies on information. (1)  In our computers, a unit of information (called a “bit”) is represented as either a 0 or a 1. Combined, these series of on’s and off’s provide instruction on how to process information.Dario Gil  (2), Vice President of Science and Technology at IBM, compared a bit to an arrow on the inside of a sphere. That arrow can only point to the North or South Pole, a 0 or a 1. But in quantum computing that “bit” is now a “qubit”. A qubit has the capacity to exist as both a 0 and a 1. That arrow can now point to any position on the internal surface of the sphere, creating endless possibilities to the amount of states that can represented and thus the ability to analyze information on a level that is expected (3) to work beyond what all the computers in the world working in tandem could achieve. What this has the potential to do is help industries and institutions worldwide solve problems faster, innovate further, or even change completely.

In regard to education, there one area in particular that quantum computing will help and it has the ability to play huge role in the future of the institution: Artificial Intelligence. Already schools are using immersive technologies that help determine what their students are interacting with, ignoring or even not comprehending. Through the use of headsets, they can determine through pupil size the amount of mental strain or emotional entanglement in a subject. This goes back to a study done by Princeton psychologist Daniel Kahneman which explained that pupil size increases in proportion to the difficulty of a task at hand. As the student interact with the AI, the headset is collecting data that can then be used to create highly-accurate psychological and behavioral profiles of students. This is technology that already exists within our standard computing power, imagine what this could be with the power of quantum computing.In order to improve machine learning there must be vast amounts of data collection. Quantum computers have the ability to organize and analyze large amounts of this data and provide artificial intelligence machines with the feedback necessary to improve and develop much more efficiently than a standard computer.

 

Machine learning in education will be the future faster than we know it, with the capabilities these machines already have they will know us better than anyone. Same goes for the teachers in the profession who want to be able to teach but probably won’t over time due to the vast knowledge the machine has and continues to gain. Quantum computers have the knowledge of using existing data to their advantage to solve problems within seconds. Machine learning can definitely benefit from quantum computing because it would amplify the machine learning problem solving. Which leads back to education and the effects quantum computing can have because these machines will be impossible to keep up with. The demand for quantum computers will be greater and a cheaper rate than teachers knowing what they can do.

Tapping into Parallel Realities with Quantum Computing

In case you still don’t have a firm grip on the concept of quantum computing the video below does a great job at explaining it. Try to make sure you have somewhat of an understanding of what’s going on or you’re sure to be even more confused by the end of this post.

In quantum computing, the user is able to run the given computations simultaneously because it allows you to tap into those parallel timelines that stack on top of each other. It does this by using qubits that can store information in more than one position at any given moment. On the other hand, in conventional computers the positions of 0 and 1 are mutually exclusive. Each addition of a qubit gives you an additional exponent of processing power by allowing you to tap into one more of these theoretical timelines. According to these quantum theorists and accompanying scientists, there are a significant number of parallel universes that have inconsistencies with the one that we are living in but are just as real and can theoretically be accessed with these computers. There are points in these parallel timelines that overlap and these are known as a nexus which allow for us to move between the given timelines. These changes  and overlapping between parallel timelines have been used to explain the global phenomenon known as the Mandela Effect. Some believe that the Mandela Effect is a consequence of traveling between these timelines as events that occurred in the past change or aren’t as you remembered them to be.

Even back in 2005 David Deutsch stated that Quantum computation will be the first technology that allows useful tasks to be performed in collaboration between parallel universes. Not many people believed him then but with increased interest in bringing quantum computers to life many of his speeches and explanations have resurfaced in the past couple of years. Below is an excerpt from a Closer to the Truth interview in which Deutsch explains the basics behind quantum computers.

There is plenty of controversy surrounding the field of quantum computing. The first question that many people ask is why there is even a need for quantum computers, as the conventional ones that we have now work well enough and anything more is unnecessary. Geordie Rose made an analogy for these critics that are still having trouble grasping the concept of quantum computing: A horse may have outran the initial Wright Brothers flight, but a plane is not supposed to be a faster horse, it is a machine that takes advantage of another resource that nature has given us (the air) to fill a particular niche that horses would never be able to fill. Quantum computers follow the same pattern. While some conventional computers may be more stable and functional that quantum computers right now, this may not be the case in the near future. Quantum computers also take advantage of their given resources, by utilizing superposition and entanglement, to perform in ways that conventional computers would never be able to do.

Depending on the intent of the user, this additional processing and computational power could have a huge positive or an equally as large devastating effect on the world of technology as we know it today. In 1994 mathematician Peter Shor discovered a quantum algorithm that could find the prime factors of really big numbers. The basis of Cryptography is that if you multiply two large enough prime numbers it will be extremely hard to break this back down into the two parts. With a quantum computer and Shor’s app, this math could easily be computed and subsequently cryptography could be cracked.

Since the creation of the first commercial D- Wave quantum computers, founder Geordie Rose has left the project and started a new project named Kindred. At the moment, Kindred is focusing on building the world’s first human-level AI which Rose assures will be created within all of our expected lifetimes. At Kindred, Rose’s team consists of 34 of the top 50 individuals in the deep learning space community, all working together to change the field of artificial intelligence as we know it. As of right now, the engineer’s at Kindred have been working with full scale humanoids known as Thromang to conduct research and practice machine learning. With some of the brightest minds that made quantum computing a reality now on board with Kindred’s Artificial intelligence project the possibilities of the technology are virtually unlimited. It is impossible to predict exactly what this field has in store for the future but with the exponentially increased processing power of quantum computers and the current level learning ability of artificial intelligence it will only be a matter of time before science fiction becomes reality.

Understanding Quantum Computing as the Future Technology

Quantum Computing is the study of theoretical computation systems that make direct use of quantum mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data. Quantum computers are different from binary digital electronic computers based on transistors. Quantum computing is on the rise to conquer a new method of how we do systematic computations and mathematical problems. The idea of quantum computers is to produce a faster rate of solutions to problems that would take conventional computers years to solve. Currently IBM has a quantum computer called the IBM-Q, which was released March 17, 2017 set to be the future of technology. The IBM-Q is designed to help with medicine, supply-chain, logistics, financial services, and artificial intelligence, leading us into a new world of technology and innovation.

As you can probably tell from the video the exact mechanics behind quantum computing are still foreign to the average individual. This goes without say that we are some ways away from commercially sized quantum computers being present in every household, but with the increasing research and experimentation with quantum mechanics we could see them for sale in the next few years. This year IBM plans to allow the public to test the IBM-Q over the internet for a fee under the name of Quantum Experience. If you can’t wait for either of those and happen to have 15 million to spare you could go ahead and buy your very own D-Wave, the first official commercial quantum computer. This version of the quantum computer came to be when former D-Wave CEO Geordie Rose teamed up with Nasa’s Eric Ladizinsky. Because Ladizinsky was already an expert at superconducting quantum interference devices, also known as Squids, his teaming with Rose was a match made in heaven.

With Rose’s research and ambition to not only build, but sell, the world’s first quantum computer, and Ladizinsky’s expertise in the field they were able to come up with the design of the D-Wave. Rather than approach it with the same Gate Model being attempted by scientists researching quantum computing at the time, Rose and his team at D-Wave used another method known as annealing. Instead of linking together ions and photons together in logic gates, like the gate model, Ladizinsky found a way to make magnetic fields travel in opposite directions around niobium loops, placing the electrons in what we know as superposition. He achieved this by supercooling the niobium loops near absolute zero while quantum tunneling charges from one loop to another allowing the loops to act as functional qubits, with the magnetic fields representing the 0s and 1s of conventional machines.

Quantum Computing, as we know is the future and is surpassing many other computing systems in the running. Artificial Intelligence and machine learning have adapted to learning new things and being able to solve problems. However, Quantum computing is definitely processing at a much faster rate than any computer now. Making it the next jump in society being the brains behind the operation. Quantum computing also does have many correlations within different sectors, such as; energy, education and machine learning. Knowing how much power it takes to generate a quantum computer, how much energy would it take to produce multiple quantum computers help with businesses and science. The implications it can have on education, which can be teaching students at a more efficient rate, or enhancing institutions with more current and updated systems. How fast can a quantum computer learn without being programmed to be taught a problem and the methods it takes to enhance its capabilities?