Climate Change: Cleaning Up Carbon Dioxide

We can attempt to protect ourselves from the effects of climate change, but we still have to address the future effects of climate change. Cutting emissions will help not make the situation worse; however, it does not significantly improve the situation. Even if emissions were cut to zero, we would still have to deal with the effects of climate change for the thousands of years. With this said, we do not have to wait for the carbon in the atmosphere to dissipate to recover from the effects of climate change, instead we should begin to filter the carbon dioxide out of the air.

One example of a CO2 filter is Climework’s CO2 collector. The collector has the ability to filter CO2 out of the air around it with the use of a sponge like filter. After roughly three hours of running, the filter becomes saturated with CO2. At which point the collector seals itself, and heats the contents to 212 degrees Fahrenheit, thus separating pure carbon dioxide from anything else the filters may have collected. Pure CO2 can be sold or stored, at relatively low cost, for commercial uses. Carbon Dioxide is used to control in reactor maintenance to control temperature, in refrigeration, in water treatment, in fire extinguishers, in food products, and in pharmaceuticals. In short, Climework’s CO2 collector recycles the carbon dioxide already on the environment by removing it from the air and making it available for other use.

The following is an image of the Climework’s CO2 collector:

A different approach to removing carbon from the environment involves technology that uses The Origen Power Process. The Origen Power Process makes uses of natural gas to create electricity. However, only half of the chemical energy from the natural gas is used to create electricity; the other half of the energy is used to breakdown limestone into lime. In addition to electricity and lime, the process also creates pure CO2 that could be used like discussed earlier. Normally using natural gas to generate electricity creates more CO2. The overall process of Origen Power actually has a net removal of CO2 from the air; so while it may be creating pure CO2, it is removing more CO2 than it creates. Moreover, lime can be used remove additional CO2 from the environment. For example, since lime acts a neutralizer, it can be used in bodies of water to lower acidity level because of too much CO2 in the water. Therefore, lime has the potential to protect aquatic life, but also combat acid rain and the damage caused by acid rain. Overall, The Origen Power Process creates four products, lime, a CO2 filter, pure CO2, electricity, and removal of CO2 form the environment.

The following is a video of The Origen Power Process explained by Tim Kruger:

As a result of pure CO2 production from the use of the Climework’s CO2 collector, and The Origen Power Process, I would imagine there would be an abundance of pure CO2. Moreover, we have been “pumping” CO2 into the environment for decades upon decades so if we were to “recycle” any fraction of that amount of CO2, there most definitely would be a surplus of pure CO2. Yes, there are the previously mentioned uses for CO2, but there would still be an abundance. With this said, a development team in China, the Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences, have created a process to take surplus CO2 and turn it into clean fuel. In short, by running an electrical current through a microscopic layer of cobalt surrounded by CO2, the CO2 becomes CHOO, also known as formate. Formate has the potential to be used as a clean fuel source; however, currently not enough data has been collected to get the most energy out of formate, but experiment continue.

It is important to keep in mind that all the process mentioned, while useful to some extent, only work well with plans of cutting emissions; the same can be said vice versa. Measure still need to be taken to protect ourselves now from the effects of climate change, but not preparing for the future is what caused the current mess.

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