The shift in Free Trade Agreements

 

With the rise of globalization and interconnectivity  across nation states, Free Trade Agreements have experienced shifts between multilateral and bilateral approaches. I created this infographic to relay the important aspects of both and to show how these shifts address concerns following changes in technology and innovation.

Untitled Infographic(1)

Tesla Self-Driving Cars

Tesla announced today that they would be rolling out an update for all their cars sold in the U.S.  This update will give the cars the option to go into “autopilot” or “autonomous” mode.  This will enable Tesla’s to drive themselves, or at least kind of for the moment.  I say kind of because it is still required (legally) for you to have your hands at least touching the wheel in some way.  Tesla advises that you rest your hand on your knee and keep your pinky finger in contact with the wheel, if you don’t it will prompt you to put your hand or finger back on the wheel (for now at least).  This is to ensure safety (this is only the beta version of the software) and to meet all legal requirements of liability.  Elon Musk cautions that, “It works almost to the point where you can take your hands off, but we won’t say that. Almost.” However, Musk goes on to say that he is confident in the future that they will be able to make a completely autonomous driving car that does not need a human to “co-pilot”.  This is a huge innovation in transportation that will be very interesting to follow in the coming months and years.  I’ve attached a video of one of the Tesla’s driving itself, it’s pretty cool but begs the question what happen when things go wrong? Who is responsible?

More information on the update is available here.

 

Tissue Engineering


Tissue Engineering has become a major disruption in the health care industry and the hope is that one day we will no longer need organ donors. Tissue engineering is a form of regenerative medicine which combines “scaffolds, cells, and biologically active molecules into functional tissues.” The use of tissue engineering in everyday medical practices will ultimately lead to people living longer and healthier lives. This huge advancement will move the healthcare industry away from the need for lab animals, and with the help of 3D printing they will be able to recreate living organs in a petri-dish. Tissue engineering is transforming the way doctors look at the future, with this new disruptive technology anything is possible.  This video explains what tissue engineering is, how it works, a little bit of the history, and lastly how it has become a disruptive technology!

For more information on tissue engineering, below are links of articles I shared in the video!
https://www.ted.com/talks/nina_tandon…
http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/scien…
http://report.nih.gov/nihfactsheets/v…
http://www.wakehealth.edu/News-Releas…
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/learn…
http://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/
http://www.dhti.cmu.edu/dhti/definiti…

Genetic Modification Introduction: What is it?

Explore the concept of Genetic Modification. Genetic Modification is the the splitting and recoding of a gene as seen in this link. Our current use is in this process on improving plants, but we are now moving towards using it on animals and humans. We are starting with curing diseases but we will explore in the next few segments what the potential is for the technology and what ethical and social dilemmas are born from it.
Below are the links to the articles:

http://agbiosafety.unl.edu/basic_genetics.shtml

http://www.wired.com/2015/10/science-like-rules-genome-editing-please/

http://www.ibtimes.com/human-embryo-genetic-modification-uk-researchers-seek-permission-controversial-2104919

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/sep/18/uk-scientists-seek-permission-to-genetically-modify-human-embryos

3D Printing and Modern Medicine

3d printing is disrupting the way reconstructive surgeries are carried out as well as the way doctors understand the problem in a specific region of a patients body. However, there are still many revolutions to be made with 3D printing in the medical field- especially in the field of organ transplant alternatives.

Innovative Technologies Within the Healthcare-Science Industry

Hello everyone,

There are many pieces of disruptive technologies that are drastically changing the way in which doctors and nurses are conducting their day to day activities. New advancements in medical science are enabling computers to detect diseases, conduct in home screenings, and devise the best treatment options for patients. IBM, Metabolomx, Wize Mirror and a handful of other companies are now developing new innovative ways to improve the healthcare sector. The writing below are some details that I found after my research. Please watch the Youtube video that can be accessed through this hyperlink to gather more information on the innovative technologies.

Watson is a super-computer produced by IBM. A supercomputer takes inputted data, stores and processes it, and then generates a result at a much faster speed than a normal computer. Rather than using serial processing, supercomputers use parallel processing which is faster because it works on many things at once. Serial processing takes data, divides it up into separate pieces, and formulates a result based on what you asked the computer to do. Parallel processing splits problems into pieces and works on many pieces at once which allows for faster processing time. Processors are “the brain of the computer” because it interprets what you want done and relays it back to the computer before sending a response back to you.

Watson understands unstructured data which comprises 85% of the data humans provide to other humans according to IBM. Unstructured data consists of tweets, literature, blogs, articles, Facebook posts, etc. Watson uses natural language, meaning that it not only highlights words similar to how you would type keywords in on a Google search engine, it can read and interpret the words that have been written. It understands context and tries to understand what the user wants. It can search multiple inquiries and responses at once to formulate the best response possible. Watson formulates responses faster than humans ever could and is even finding new solutions to problems. Within the healthcare sector, Watson is now being used to match people for clinical trials which allows patients to take part in experimental theories to move them into practice. Watson takes information taken from patient data and matches the patient with the best clinical trials that currently exist and match the opportunities unique to the individual. Results are listed on the highest to lowest statistical match.

Memorial Sloan Kettering is one of America’s first cancer treatment centers that has paired with IBM Watson. MSK feeds information into Watson and the supercomputer is then able to analyze large quantities of data that would normally be too much for one individual to analyze, and reduces the data down to critical decision points. Watson has access to the most well respected medical reports and cases and is taught by specialists and it learns from the cases that range from patient to patient. Watson is now being further developed to include monitoring patients and gathering more personalized treatments for patients.

Watson is currently being used at:

  • Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago;
  • BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia;
  • City of Hope National Medical Center, Monrovia, California;
  • Cleveland Clinic;
  • Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, North Carolina;
  • Buffett Cancer Center at the University of Nebraska, Omaha;
  • McDonnell Genome Institute at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis;
  • New York Genome Center;
  • Sanford Health, Sioux Falls, South Dakota;
  • University of Kansas Cancer Center, Kansas City;
  • University of North Carolina Lineberger Cancer Center, Chapel Hill;
  • University of Southern California Center for Applied Molecular Medicine, Los Angeles;
  • University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle; and
  • Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, Connecticut.

Another company called Wize Mirror which was created by researchers across Europe employs breath monitors, 3D scanners, video cameras, and imaging systems to analyze the healthcare of its users. According to The Daily Beast this machine can detect changes in users’ faces, monitor circulation, search for signs of anxiety, and test breath for heart attack inducing chemicals.” It has the potential for revolutionizing early detection, in home diagnostics, and reciprocating the results of tests to doctors. We use mirrors everyday and this mirror has the capability of detecting what may be wrong with you once out of the prototype stages. Researchers released a video on how Wize Mirror operates, just follow the hyperlink to watch.

Metabolomx is a cancer sniffing device through the use of a small desktop PC with a hose attached to it. It can be wheeled from patient to patient and individuals are instructed to breathe through the tube for four minutes. Organic compounds otherwise known as VOC’s are carried in a person’s breath. The machine can detect VOCs that carry tumor signatures and can analyze the type of cancer a person has. After a study of 229 people, lung cancer was detected in the patients more than 80 percent of the time.

Currently Metabolomx is offering a breath exam after a person undergoes a CT scan which can increase life expectancy by approximately 20%, according to the National Cancer Institute. Metabolomx is also being used to detect tuberculosis and colon cancer. The major benefits of the technology include rapid results, fast to administrate, reliable, and is administered at a low cost.

All three of these technologies have a common theme. They each are working towards the goal of administering personalized medicine through the incorporation of machines that can process data and deliver results much faster than humans can. The issue of privacy with each of these technologies and ones similar to Watson, Metabolomx, and Wize Mirror will be discussed in later blog posts and videos. However, an important factor to recognize is how much medicine will be changing through the use of machinery in future.

Link to Youtube Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5lZphsp5Acc

E-Commerce Logistics: The Evolution of Logistics and Supply Chains from Direct to Store Models to E-Commerce

E-Commerce Logistics Models

In developed economies, e-commerce logistics represents the latest big driver of change in logistics and physical distribution networks, which have evolved substantially over the past 40 years or so. Currently, it remains the case that as e-commerce continues to grow, most shippers, particularly multi-channel shippers, are still only just beginning to work out what this will entail for their distribution network infrastructures.

More here.